For example, a character uttering y'all to address two or more people is identifiable as speaking Southern or African American English
and so likely belonging to one or both of those groups.
In particular, one of the more widely recognized forms of NMAE is African American English
. Researchers studied African American English
extensively after a verdict was reached in what later became known as the Ann Arbor decision (Martin Luther King Junior Elementary School Children et al.
Ian Roberts reflects on the social and particularly linguist situation of Caribbean children in North America, while John and Angela Rickford discuss the merits of a new reader for African American children to be adopted by the California Department of Education, and outline the way the contrastive approach can be applied to sensitively and effectively raise students' awareness about the differences between African American English
and standard English.
The authors have organized the main body of their text in six chapters devoted to geography, demography, and culture; phonetics and phonology; morphology and syntax; lexis and discourse; African American English
in Pittsburgh, the history and trajectory of the regional Pittsburgh dialect, and a wide variety of other related subjects.
In this volume, the authors propose that African American English
students should be allowed to blend African American language styles with Standard English using code-meshing as an alternative to switching between them according to the setting and audience.
1999: 'Yorkville Crossing: White Teens, Hip Hop and African American English
More specifically, the authors have concentrated on the borrowings of words, phrases and meanings from a sociolect known as African American English
to the language of Polish youngsters.
It continues to play a critical role in tracing African naming practices in Gullah and African American English
historically (Baird & Twining 1991, Holloway 2005).
This study explored the spelling skills of African American second graders who produced African American English
(AAE) features in speech.
Sitting there with that student, eager to share this knowledge, I said that he was consistently not using s's to show possession and in subject-verb agreement, and that such forms are a dialect feature of African American English
. He didn't know how to respond.
One such variation is African American English
(AAE), a unique historical, cultural, linguistic system spoken by many African Americans.
252) One of the more commonly encountered dialectal variations in the United States is African American English