Thence to the famous Orators repair, Those ancient whose resistless eloquence Wielded at will that fierce democraty, Shook the Arsenal, and fulmined over Greece To Macedon and Artaxerxes
Naqsh-e Rostam embraces the tombs of four Achaemenid kings, believed to be Darius II, Artaxerxes
I, Darius I and Xerxes I.
The dates of the texts range from the time of Esarhaddon to that of Artaxerxes
ordenou a morte de todos os seus filhos por terem conjurado contra ele.
As recorded by Greek historian Xenophon, Cyrus the Younger allied with the Spartan admiral Lysander in his unsuccessful effort to overthrow his older brother, the Emperor Artaxerxes
II--a bit of classical history that would have been well known to early audiences of the Nights along with other such histories (as would Old Testament Biblical stories of Jacob and Esau and other brother betrayals).
History is scant and dubious before Alexander's peaceful entry into Jerusalem in 332 BCE, but it suffered heavily under the Persians and the temple - rebuilt under Ezra (Uzayr) and Nehemiah about 515 BCE - might have been destroyed during Artaxerxes
In two testaments, he references the Persian king Artaxerxes
as an example of life to Longo's son, among other moral and philosophical lessons; furthermore, he divides his books (a rich collection of Latin, Greek and vernacular volumes) among his children.
Persian kings including Artaxerxes
, Cyrus, and Darius permitted the Jews to rebuild their temple in Jerusalem.
Ctesias of Cnidus was a doctor to the Persian king Artaxerxes
II at the turn of the fourth century BCE.
These inscriptions confirmed the lists of Persian kings found in the writings of Greek historians, demonstrating that there were multiple kings named Artaxerxes
, and that the Persian period lasted for more than two hundred years.
In the fifth century BC, the exiled Athenian Themistocles came to Persia to offer his services to Artaxerxes
, and was given control of Magnesia to support his family.