In , Beaconless
Packet Forwarding Protocol (B-PFP) was proposed.
Geographical based routing exchanges Request-To-Send (RTS) and Clear-To-Send (CTS) for performing beaconless
In the testbed, the network operates in Beaconless
mode and all nodes are powered by USB hub.
Measuring effective capacity of IEEE 802.15.4 beaconless
Xie, "A position based beaconless
routing algorithm for mobile ad hoc networks," in Proc.
proposed the link quality and geographical beaconless
OR protocol for efficient video dissemination for mobile multimedia Internet of Things .
In order to solve the BSP, beaconless
protocols for VANETs aiming at reducing the number of redundant broadcasts have been proposed in the literature [7,16-18].
However, this scheme mainly depends on the packet sending rate and beacon frame exchange for sharing the load information, which is not directly applicable to the beaconless
The NVSP protocol is the only beaconless
routing protocol that can discover long-living stable routes without significant increase in the hop count per path.
Ambivalence and paradox gradually penetrate, in Deleuzean fashion, nomadic, unfixed, borderless, beaconless
, desert-like everyday experience (see also Bauman, 1991; 1993; 1995).
The existing work covers mainly queue management, beacon-enabled slotted CSMA/CA, and beaconless
CSMA/CA protocols for low rate IEEE 802.15.4 networks.