He describes how these legacies and crises shaped the post-war political order in as the EPRDF created a political system based on the contradiction of a ruling party that exemplified a disciplined, authoritarian, vanguard party organized around democratic centralism
, while the winning rebels built a ruling coalition from four diverse, ethnically based parties and wrote a constitution that emphasized ethno-federalism.
Jimmy Reid, viewed as an early Euro-Communist, pointed out the futility of the exercise, arguing that if Communist parties renounced democratic centralism
, then they ceased to be Communist parties.
is the propelling mechanism upon which modern party system is based and for over a hundred and fifty years, much like the separation of powers is the bedrock of democracy.
Both the ANC and the EPRDF espouse the Leninist principle of democratic centralism
, according to which party members are expected to abide by the policies established by the central party leadership.
They have turned attention to political parties as an alternative framework of anchoring development and democracy based on the idea of "democratic centralism
" in which political decisions reached by a strong party formation (through its democratically elected bodies) are binding upon all members of the party.ELIMINATE POVERTYWhile still "looking West" for models of economic development, Africa is looking East for models to safeguard development, eliminate poverty and implement long-term vision of development such as Kenya's Vision 2030.They are inspired by China's meteoric rise from a poverty-stricken Third World country to a superpower!
There are the Leftists who, in the name of democratic centralism
, choose tinpot dictators as their leader.
Those at opposite ends of the political spectrum would like Britain to be transformed into an unaccountable 'Corporate State' based on 'democratic centralism
' or, worse, a fascist dictatorship.
As are all constitutional manifestations of the separation of powers, the states are becoming less and less a brake upon the dangerous ideal of democratic centralism
, and as a result we may end up in a sadder condition than even a disintegrating Europe.
Criticising what he called Labour's version of 'democratic centralism
' he advocated a managerial philosophy which placed less emphasis on obedience to the majority will and more on consultation, minority rights and the patient resolution of differences.
Let me list the headings (many of them jaw-breaking) of Zimmerman's chapters: "From Democratic Centralism
to Democratic Centralism
"; "Alternative Mobilization Strategies, 1917-1934; From Narrow Selectorate to Autocracy"; "The Great Purge"; "From Totalitarianism to Welfare Authoritarianism"; "Uncertainty and "Democratization": The Evolution of Post-Brezhnevian Politics, 1982-1991"; "Democratizing Russia, 1991-1997" "The Demise of Schumpeterian Democracy, the Return to Certainty, and Normal ('Full') Authoritarianism, 1998-2008"; "The Return of Uncertainty?
The institutional system and decisionmaking capabilities of democratic centralism
have proven to be the country's advantage