Patriotism was celebrated and emphasized not only among young people in schools, but in the many fraternal associations and Grand Army of the Republic
lodges that sprang up throughout Dakota.
Known as Decoration Day in 1868, when General John Logan in his capacity as commander of the Grand Army of the Republic
, called upon citizens to bring flowers--to decorate--the graves of Union soldiers who died in the Civil War.
After the screening, the evening's festivities moved to the lavish Grand Army of the Republic
Memorial Hall in the north wing of the Cultural Center where artists and guests mingled over divine hors d-oeuvres and toasted to the future of South Asian Cinema.
Three years after the Civil War ended, on May 5,1868, the head of the Grand Army of the Republic
(GAR)--an organization of Union veterans--established "Decoration Day" as a time for the nation to decorate the graves of the war dead with flowers.
After the war, Sarah married David Young (a Canadian by birth, and a veteran of the United States Army Regulars) before moving to Des Moines where she spent many years involved in the Allied Orders of the Grand Army of the Republic
, the Women's Relief Corp.
The Grand Army of the Republic
Hall, a gathering place following the end of the Civil War, now serves as a Civil War research library and houses artifacts.
Since the 1870s, white Northerners and Southerners had gathered to highlight the virtues of soldiers and "reunite the bonds of fraternity those sections of our country so unhappily estranged by the war." (9) Early twentieth-century correspondence between the preeminent Union veterans' organization, the Grand Army of the Republic
(GAR), and their Confederate counterparts, the United Confederate Veterans (UCV), was astonishingly amicable when discussing the possibility of a future Blue-Gray gathering.
One of these groups, the Woman's Relief Association, arose as an auxiliary of the Grand Army of the Republic
(the Union army veterans association), and two others--the Daughters of the American Revolution and the United Daughters of the Confederacy--were formed as hereditary associations which demanded descent from a veteran as necessary for membership.
Everyone in the elegant Grand Army of the Republic
hall of that old central Chicago library was also there to honor Studs.
Tells story of leader of Grand Army of the Republic
and founder of Memorial Day through photographs, portraits, maps, political memorabilia, family antiques and Civil War weapons.
And veterans' organizations--including the Grand Army of the Republic
, the American Legion, and the Veterans Of Foreign Wars--waged successful campaigns for pensions and educational assistance.
He was an active member of a Masonic order and the Grand Army of the Republic
(GAR), a Union veterans' organization.