The antihero Wei has a series of turbulent adventures involving court politics, the martial arts world, secret societies, the Lamaist
section of the Wutai Mountains, the Koxinga (Zheng Chenggong 1624-1662) court in Taiwan, the satrap (Wu Sangui 1612-1678) ambitions in Yunnan, and the border negotiations with Russia leading to the Treaty of Nerchinsk of 1689.
Goldstein's exhaustive three-volume history of Tibet, A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist
State (Berkeley, 1989); A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm Before the Storm, 1951-1955 (Berkeley, 1997); and, A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 3: The Storm Clouds Descend, 1955-1957 (Berkeley, 2013); and, Carole McGranahan, Arrested Histories: Tibet, the CIA, and Memories of a Forgotten War (Durham, North Carolina, 2010).
Puning Temple was the very first Lamaist
temple Emperor Qianlong had built outside Chengde Imperial Summer Resort.
Additionally, the dominant religion is Lamaist
Buddhism, which possibly presents less of a cultural barrier to democratization.
The Chinese consider him a dangerous separatist leader, camouflaged behind a facade of Buddhism; they have constantly sought to control the Lamaist
institutions, as demonstrated by their interference in the matter of the Panchen Lama, but up until now those institutions have resisted.
the evil Daoist, Lamaist
, and Buddhist individuals/sects who have betrayed their culture and turned ancient Chinese physical, mental, and spiritual training to evil ends.
1 of Yung-Ho-Kung: An iconography of the Lamaist
cathedral in Peking with notes on Lamaist
mythology and cult.
For example, nearly two pages are given over to a comparison of Taoist and Confucian traditions but Buddhist and Lamaist
(and Christian) influences are given scant attention.
Cultural, religious, and linguistic commonalities emerged in the arguments of Shelvankar, who noted that the "Eastern Section" had little in common with China, as the region "is inhabited mostly by people ethnically akin to the hill tribes in the interior of India, and owing no allegiance to Buddhism, or the Lamaist
faith." He viewed the region as "under the sway of the Hindu dynasties of Eastern India" as far back as the thirteenth century (Shelvankar 475).
Rather, eds, Imagining Tibet: Perceptions, Projections and Fantasies (Wisdom, 2001); Melvyn Goldstein, A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist
State (University of California Press 1991); Peter Hopkirk, Trespassers on the Roof of the World (John Murray, 1982);Thomas Laird, The Story of Tibet: Conversations with the Dalai Lama (Atlantic, 2007);Alex McKay, Tibet and the British Raj: The Frontier Cadre, 1904-1947,(Curzon, 1997); Hugh Richardson, Tibet & its History (Shambhala, 1984).
(28) They are emphatically linked to non-Western people, in that they are essentially 'obligate' Hindus or Lamaist
Buddhists: their genes are physically reincarnated and consequently they live in an unchanging system of social roles, as if certain Hindu-Buddhist beliefs were materially embodied.
Each took root within societies that retained what we call shamanism, thereby leading to degrees of syncretism (the Bon in Tibet famously influenced lamaist
Buddhism, which in turn took on a certain coloring among Mongol-speaking practitioners of shamanism).