Lamarckism


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Related to Lamarckism: Epigenetics

La·marck·ism

 (lə-mär′kĭz′əm) also La·marck·i·an·ism (-kē-ə-nĭz′əm)
n.
A theory of biological evolution holding that the changes occurring in an organism through use and disuse of its body parts in response to environmental change are inherited by its offspring.

[After Chevalier Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Lamarckism

(lɑːˈmɑːkɪzəm)
n
(Biology) the theory of organic evolution proposed by Lamarck, based on the principle that characteristics of an organism modified during its lifetime are inheritable. See also acquired characteristic, Neo-Lamarckism
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

La•marck•ism

(ləˈmɑr kɪz əm)

n.
the Lamarckian theory that characteristics acquired by habit, use, or disuse may be passed on to future generations through inheritance.
[1880–85]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lamarckism

the theory of organic evolution advanced by the French naturalist Lamarck that characteristics acquired by habit, diseases, or adaptations to change in environment may be inherited. — Lamarckian, n., adj.
See also: Evolution
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Lamarckism - a theory of organic evolution claiming that acquired characteristics are transmitted to offspring
evolutionism, theory of evolution, theory of organic evolution - (biology) a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals
Neo-Lamarckism - a modern Lamarckian theory emphasizing the importance of environmental factors in genetic changes and retaining the notion of the inheritance of acquired characters
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
lamarckisme
References in periodicals archive ?
Such neo-Darwinian iterations of vitalism, as well as of Lamarckism, were often, then, theories of orthogenesis: theories that held that evolution, arrowlike, moves toward a particular endpoint because of internal forces rather than the adaptive value of happenstance variations.
(32) On Whitman's interest in evolutionary theory, and especially Lamarckism, see James T.
In the 20th century, Trofim Denisovitch Lysenko (1898-1976) revived the Lamarckism to the Lysenkoism school of genetics, proclaiming that the new characteristics acquired by parents will be passed on to the offspring [20].
Cotta, "Memetic algorithms with partial Lamarckism for the shortest common supersequence problem," Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol.
Key words: change and cultural evolution, Darwinism, essentialism, Lamarckism, typologies.
The question of whether natural selection can account for the existence of altruism and social cohesion produced two ideological formations: one that embraced the social stasis invoked by Malthus, and the other a radical, progressive, anti-Malthusian politics that originates in Lamarck and Darwin's own Lamarckism. The opposition is between those who would interpret Darwin through the lens of Malthus and those who would have Darwin without Malthus.
Warner 2008: 50), this being an application in literature of the major principle of lamarckism: the evolutionary theory stating that the function creates the organ and not vice versa.
From Lamarckism to classical natural selection to Darwinism to the Modern Synthesis, evolution theory, well, evolves.
Lamarckism simply offered a more rapid way of bringing individuals into equilibrium with the changing social system.
Claviceps purpurea, Mus rattus, parthenogenesis and Lamarckism have been misspelt in the text and names too suffer (Jokichi Takamine, Georges Cuvier, even Brown-Sequard).
However, for Bowler, the chief candidate in a non-Darwinian world is Lamarckism.
She highlights intentionality and Lamarckism as one of the three problems the detractors of the meme theories have pointed to: "we cannot specify the unit of a meme, we don't know the mechanism for copying and storing memes, memetic evolution is 'Lamarckian'" (Blackmore, 1999, p.