And all this happened far away to the north, beyond Labrador, beyond Hudson's Strait, where the great tides heave the ice about, north of Melville Peninsula--north even of the narrow Fury and Hecla Straits--on the north shore of Baffin Land, where Bylot's Island stands above the ice of Lancaster Sound like a pudding-bowl wrong side up.
Also, the strong current which sets east out of Lancaster Sound carried with it mile upon mile of what they call pack-ice--rough ice that has not frozen into fields; and this pack was bombarding the floe at the same time that the swell and heave of the storm-worked sea was weakening and undermining it.
The first effort was led in 1818 by John Ross, who turned back at the entrance to Lancaster Sound
, believing it was a dead end.
Lock, Stock, and Icebergs presents Canadians and others with a much clearer insight into what Justin Trudeau's government has actually done in mid-August in 2017, by naming Tallurutip Imanga (approximately 110,000 square kilometers of Arctic Ocean encompassing Lancaster Sound
) a National Marine Conservation Area.
"The first large pieces of the 2010 calving arrived last summer on the shores of Newfoundland, but there are still many large pieces scattered all along eastern Canada from Lancaster Sound
in the high Arctic to Labrador to the south," he added.
The most frightening experience I've had while documenting wildlife was in the Lancaster Sound
off Baffin Island.
Berrimilla entered the North West Passage from the Amundsen Gulf and sailed south of Victoria Island, through Dease Strait, Victoria Strait and Peel Sound and out into Barrow Strait and Lancaster Sound
. On the way, she sailed through Simpson Strait, once crossed on foot over the ice by the last starving stragglers of the 1845 Franklin Expedition.
To assert, affirm and express Canada's full jurisdiction over the passage, Byers recommends three policy actions: implementation of the 1993 Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, devolution of responsibility for Arctic marine affairs from Ottawa to the Government of Nunavut and designation in Lancaster Sound
of marine conservation areas backed by World Heritage status.
And wildlife: Devon Island is home to prolific bird life, and at Lancaster sound
, whales, polar bears, narwhals, and walrus can be spotted.
They believe that control must be exerted over submarine traffic, and have even suggested that listening stations be established in Lancaster Sound
and the McClure Strait and in Amundsen Gulf.
In 1818, Ross and Parry sailed south along Ellesmere Island eventually reaching Lancaster Sound
. Ross decided that the Sound was just another inlet and sent a letter to the Admiralty stating his crew had arrived home: 'after fully ascertaining that no passage exists from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans through Davis Strait and Baffin Bay which were found to be bounded by land extending to the North as far as the 84th Degree, in Latitude 74 degrees north, and generally surrounded by a Chain of Mountains' (p.
Franklin knew this channel from his earlier treks, and with his 1845 sea expedition was, in fact, under orders to find a way to it from Lancaster Sound
, which is the portal leading in from the Atlantic.