of the crown of England; that is, within the ligeance
, or as it is
Investments Ltd., for GBP 326m (USD 416.02m), the company said.
The relevant part of Constables Case is itself a reference to an earlier case: the Anonymous case from 1382 stating that the sea is part of the kings ligeance
. (26) Here the king's ligeance
did not mean property but jurisdiction.
"for as soon as he is born he oweth by birth-right ligeance
(6) Persons born within the dominion of the sovereign and under the protection and ligeance
of the sovereign were subjects of the sovereign and citizens of England; this included persons born to "aliens in amity" who owed temporary allegiance to the sovereign while in his territory.
oweth unto the King a local obedience or ligeance
...." (50) The House of Lords in Joyce's case extended this duty of local allegiance to Joyce after his departure from England because of his British passport.
to the King his true and faithful ligeance
and obedience, so the
I was a good captain in the ligeance
In Calvin's case, other parts of which Otis cited in the Rights, Coke argued "that ligeance
or obedience of the subject to the Sovereign is due by the law of nature."(28) As Reid notes, "those constitutional scholars who explained parliamentary supremacy over the colonies in terms of sovereignty, did not cite common law but political theory - often John Locke's theory of Legislative sovereignty."(29) In early 1765 Otis realized that British constitutionalism, with or without natural rights, did not necessarily favor the American side of the imperial dispute, and did not necessarily guarantee the rights of Englishmen.
Sheppard ed., 2003) ("That ligeance
, or obedience of the subject to