# average

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Related to Measures of central tendency: standard deviation, measures of dispersion

## av·er·age

(ăv′ər-ĭj, ăv′rĭj)*n.*

**1.**

*Mathematics*

**a.**A number that typifies a set of numbers of which it is a function.

**b.**See arithmetic mean.

**2.**

**a.**An intermediate level or degree: near the average in size.

**b.**The usual or ordinary kind or quality: Although the wines vary, the average is quite good.

**3.**

*Sports*The ratio of a team's or player's successful performances such as wins, hits, or goals, divided by total opportunities for successful performance, such as games, times at bat, or shots: finished the season with a .500 average; a batting average of .274.

**4.**

*Law*

**a.**The loss of a ship or cargo, caused by damage at sea.

**b.**The incurrence of damage or loss of a ship or cargo at sea.

**c.**The equitable distribution of such a loss among concerned parties.

**d.**A charge incurred through such a loss.

**5.**

*Nautical*Small expenses or charges that are usually paid by the master of a ship.

*adj.*

**1.**

*Mathematics*Of, relating to, or constituting an average.

**2.**Being intermediate between extremes, as on a scale: a movie of average length; a player of average ability.

**3.**Usual or ordinary in kind or character: a poll of average people; average eyesight.

**4.**Assessed in accordance with the law of averages.

*v.*

**av·er·aged**,

**av·er·ag·ing**,

**av·er·ag·es**

*v.*

*tr.*

**1.**

*Mathematics*To calculate the average of: average a set of numbers.

**2.**To do or have an average of: averaged three hours of work a day.

**3.**To distribute proportionately: average one's income over four years so as to minimize the tax rate.

*v.*

*intr.*

To be or amount to an average: Some sparrows are six inches long, but they average smaller. Our expenses averaged out to 45 dollars per day.

*Phrasal Verbs:*

*average down* To purchase shares of the same security at successively lower prices in order to reduce the average price of one's position.

*average up* To purchase shares of the same security at successively higher prices in order to achieve a larger position at an average price that is lower than the current market value.

[Early Modern English,

*damage to a ship or its cargo, equitable distribution of the expenses from such damage, average*, from Middle English,*charge above the cost of freight*, from Old French avarie, from Old Italian avaria,*duty*, from Arabic 'awārīya,*damaged goods*, from 'awār,*blemish*, from 'awira,*to be damaged*; see ʕwr in Semitic roots.]**av′er·age·ly**

*adv.*

**av′er·age·ness**

*n.*

*Synonyms:***average**

**, medium**

**, mediocre**

**, middling**

**, fair**

^{1}

**, acceptable**

**, indifferent**

**, tolerable**

These adjectives indicate a middle position on a scale of evaluation.

*Average*and

*medium*apply to what is midway between extremes and imply both sufficiency and lack of distinction:

*a novel of average merit; a digital recording of medium quality.*

*Mediocre*and

*middling*stress the undistinguished aspect of what is average:

*"The caliber of the students ... has gone from mediocre to above average"*(Judy Pasternak).

*"Every writer creates weak, middling and strong work"*(Frank Conroy).

What is

*fair*or

*acceptable*is satisfactory or moderately good but has room for improvement:

*a fair chance of winning; an acceptable grade on the test.*

*Indifferent*means neither good nor bad and suggests a detached or resigned acceptance of such a status:

*"Burningham was an indifferent student at every school he attended ... and he preferred to be out of doors"*(Andrea Cleghorn).

Something

*tolerable*is good enough under the circumstances, but barely:

*"Tennyson ... suffered ... from illness fears, particularly of going blind, though he lived into his eighties with tolerable eyesight"*(Carla Cantor).

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## average

(ˈævərɪdʒ; ˈævrɪdʒ)*n*

**1.**the typical or normal amount, quality, degree, etc: above average in intelligence.

**2.**(Mathematics) Also called:

**arithmetic mean**the result obtained by adding the numbers or quantities in a set and dividing the total by the number of members in the set: the average of 3, 4, and 8 is 5.

**3.**(Mathematics) (of a continuously variable ratio, such as speed) the quotient of the differences between the initial and final values of the two quantities that make up the ratio: his average over the journey was 30 miles per hour.

**4.**(Law)

*maritime law*

**a.**a loss incurred or damage suffered by a ship or its cargo at sea

**b.**the equitable apportionment of such loss among the interested parties

**5.**(Stock Exchange) (

*often plural*)

*stock exchange*a simple or weighted average of the prices of a selected group of securities computed in order to facilitate market comparisons

**6.**

**on average**

**on the average**

**on an average**usually; typically: on average, he goes twice a week.

*adj*

**7.**usual or typical

**8.**mediocre or inferior: his performance was only average.

**9.**constituting a numerical average: the average age; an average speed.

**10.**approximately typical of a range of values: the average contents of a matchbox.

*vb*

**11.**(

*tr*) to obtain or estimate a numerical average of

**12.**(

*tr*) to assess the general quality of

**13.**(

*tr*) to perform or receive a typical number of: to average eight hours' work a day.

**14.**(

*tr*) to divide up proportionately: they averaged the profits among the staff.

**15.**(

*tr*) to amount to or be on average: the children averaged 15 years of age.

**16.**(Stock Exchange) (

*intr*)

*stock exchange*to purchase additional securities in a holding whose price has fallen (

**average down**) or risen (

**average up**) in anticipation of a speculative profit after further increases in price

[C15

*averay*loss arising from damage to ships or cargoes (shared equitably among all concerned, hence the modern sense), from Old Italian*avaria,*ultimately from Arabic*awār*damage, blemish]**ˈaveragely**

*adv*

**ˈaverageness**

*n*

Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

## av•er•age

(ˈæv ər ɪdʒ, ˈæv rɪdʒ)*n.,*

*adj.,*

*v.*

**-aged, -ag•ing.**

*n.*

**1.**

**a.**a quantity, rating, or the like that represents or approximates an arithmetic mean:

*a golf average in the 90's.*Compare grade point average.

**c.**a number or value intermediate to a set of numbers or values.

**2.**a typical or usual amount, rate, degree, level, etc.; norm.

*adj.*

**3.**of, pertaining to, or forming an average; estimated by average: the average rainfall.

**4.**typical; common; ordinary: the average person.

*v.t.*

**5.**to find an average value for (a variable quantity); reduce to a mean.

**6.**(of a variable quantity) to have as an arithmetic mean: Wheat averages 56 pounds to a bushel.

**7.**to do or have on the average: to average seven hours of sleep a night.

*v.i.*

**8.**to have or show an average.

*Idioms:***on the or an average,**usually; typically.

[1485–95; late Middle English

*averay*charge on goods shipped, orig. duty (< Middle French*avarie*< early Italian*avaria*< Arabic*‘awārīyah*damaged merchandise), with -age replacing*-ay*]**av′er•age•a•ble,**

*adj.*

**av′er•age•ly,**

*adv.*

**av′er•age•ness,**

*n.*

Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

## av·er·age

(ăv′ər-ĭj) A number, especially the arithmetic mean, that is derived from and considered typical or representative of a set of numbers. Compare arithmetic mean, median, mode.

The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## average

**Past participle:**averaged

**Gerund:**averaging

Imperative |
---|

average |

average |

Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms

**Legend:**Switch to new thesaurus

Noun | 1. | average - a statistic describing the location of a distribution; "it set the norm for American homes"statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters statistic - a datum that can be represented numerically age norm - the average age at which particular performances are expected to appear modal value, mode - the most frequent value of a random variable median, median value - the value below which 50% of the cases fall mean, mean value - an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n |

2. | average - (sports) the ratio of successful performances to opportunitiesbatting average, hitting average - (baseball) a measure of a batter's performance; the number of base hits divided by the number of official times at bat; "Ted Williams once had a batting average above .400" fielding average - (baseball) a measure of a fielder's performance; the number of assists and putouts divided by the number of chances ratio - the relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient) | |

3. | average - an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual; "he is about average in height"; "the snowfall this month is below average"scale value - a value on some scale of measurement | |

Verb | 1. | average - amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain; "The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40" |

2. | average - achieve or reach on average; "He averaged a C" | |

3. | average - compute the average of arithmetic - the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculations | |

Adj. | 1. | average - approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value; "the average income in New England is below that of the nation"; "of average height for his age"; "the mean annual rainfall"statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters normal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; "serve wine at normal room temperature"; "normal diplomatic relations"; "normal working hours"; "normal word order"; "normal curiosity"; "the normal course of events" |

2. | average - lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered; "average people"; "the ordinary (or common) man in the street"common - having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual; "the common man"; "a common sailor"; "the common cold"; "a common nuisance"; "followed common procedure"; "it is common knowledge that she lives alone"; "the common housefly"; "a common brand of soap" | |

3. | average - lacking exceptional quality or ability; "a novel of average merit"; "only a fair performance of the sonata"; "in fair health"; "the caliber of the students has gone from mediocre to above average"; "the performance was middling at best"ordinary - not exceptional in any way especially in quality or ability or size or degree; "ordinary everyday objects"; "ordinary decency"; "an ordinary day"; "an ordinary wine" | |

4. | average - around the middle of a scale of evaluation; "an orange of average size"; "intermediate capacity"; "medium bombers"moderate - being within reasonable or average limits; not excessive or extreme; "moderate prices"; "a moderate income"; "a moderate fine"; "moderate demands"; "a moderate estimate"; "a moderate eater"; "moderate success"; "a kitchen of moderate size"; "the X-ray showed moderate enlargement of the heart" | |

5. | average - relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution; "the modal age at which American novelists reach their peak is 30"statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters normal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; "serve wine at normal room temperature"; "normal diplomatic relations"; "normal working hours"; "normal word order"; "normal curiosity"; "the normal course of events" | |

6. | average - relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values); "the median value of 17, 20, and 36 is 20"; "the median income for the year was $15,000"normal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; "serve wine at normal room temperature"; "normal diplomatic relations"; "normal working hours"; "normal word order"; "normal curiosity"; "the normal course of events" |

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

## average

*noun*

*adjective*

**1.**usual, common, standard, general, normal, regular, ordinary, typical, commonplace, unexceptional The average man burns 2000 calories a day.

**great, bad, different, special, terrible, unusual, outstanding, remarkable, awful, exceptional, memorable, notable, abnormal**

*usual***2.**mean, middle, medium, intermediate, median Of the US's million millionaires, the average age was 63.

**minimum, maximum**

*mean***3.**mediocre, fair, ordinary, moderate, pedestrian, indifferent, not bad, middling, insignificant, so-so

*(informal)*, banal, second-rate, middle-of-the-road, tolerable, run-of-the-mill, passable, undistinguished, uninspired, unexceptional, bog-standard

*(Brit. & Irish slang)*, no great shakes

*(informal)*, fair to middling

*(informal)*I was only average academically.

*verb*

Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

## average

*noun*

*adjective*

**1.**Of moderately good quality but less than excellent:

**3.**Being of no special quality or type:

The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Translations

**průměr**

**průměrný**

**činit v průměru**

**gennemsnit**

**gennemsnitlig**

**gennemsnits-**

**middel**

**keskiarvo**

**keskimääräinen**

**keskinkertainen**

**tavallinen**

**tyypillinen**

**prosječan**

**prosjek**

**átlag**

**átlag-**

**átlagban kitesz**

**meîal-, meîaltals-**

**meîaltal**

**ná aî meîaltali**

**venjulegur, meîal-**

**平均**

**平均の**

**평균**

**평균의**

**vidurkis**

**vidutinis**

**vidutiniškai sudaryti**

**vidutiniškas**

**caurmēra**

**caurmērs**

**dot /sasniegt caurmērā**

**parasts**

**vidējais**

**priemerne dosahovať**

**povprečen**

**povprečje**

**povprečno**

**genomsnitt**

**genomsnittlig**

**medeltal**

**โดยเฉลี่ย**

**ค่าเฉลี่ย**

**mức trung bình**

**trung bình**

## average

[ˈævərɪdʒ]**A.**

*ADJ*

**2.**(=

*normal, typical*) → medio

the average American drives 10,000 miles per year → el americano medio hace unas 10.000 millas al año con su coche

an average thirteen-year-old child could understand it → un niño de trece años de inteligencia media podría entenderlo

that's average for a woman of your age → eso es lo normal para una mujer de tu edad

**of average**→ de capacidad media

__ability__**of average**→ de estatura mediana

__height__*or*media

**the average**→ el hombre medio

__man__**he's not**→ no es el típico futbolista

__your__average footballer**B.**

*N*→ media

*f*, promedio

*m*

to do an average of 150kph → hacer una media

*or*un promedio de 150kph

it takes an average of ten weeks for a house sale to be completed → como promedio la venta de una casa se lleva a término en unas diez semanas

**→ superior a la media**

__above__average*or*al promedio, por encima de la media

*or*del promedio

**→ inferior a la media**

__below__average*or*al promedio, por debajo de la media

*or*del promedio

**→ como promedio, por término medio**

__on__average**a**→ una media aproximada

__rough__average**to**→ calcular la media

__take__an average of sth*or*el promedio de algo

**C.**

*VT*

**2.**(=

*reach an average of*) pay increases are averaging 9.75% → los aumentos de sueldo son, como media

*or*promedio, del 9,75%

we average eight hours' work a day → trabajamos por término medio unas ocho horas diarias, trabajamos una media

*or*un promedio de unas ocho horas diarias

the sales average 200 copies a week → el promedio de ventas es de unos 200 ejemplares a la semana

the temperature averaged 13 degrees over the month → la temperatura media

*or*promedio fue de unos 13 grados a lo largo del mes, la temperatura alcanzó una media

*or*un promedio de unos 13 grados a lo largo del mes

he averaged 140kph all the way (

*Aut*) → hizo un promedio

*or*una media de 140kph en todo el recorrido

**average down**

*VT + ADV*to average sth down → sacar el promedio

*or*la media de algo tirando hacia abajo

**average out**

**B.**

*VI + ADV*it'll average out in the end → al final una cosa compensará por la otra

**to average out**→ salir a un promedio

__at__*or*una media de

it averages out at 50p a glass → sale a un promedio

*or*una media de 50 peniques el vaso

our working hours average out at eight a day → trabajamos un promedio

*or*una media de ocho horas al día

**average up**

*VT + ADV*to average sth up → sacar el promedio

*or*la media de algo tirando hacia arriba

**AVERAGE, HALF**

**Position of "medio"**

You should generally put

**medio**after the noun when you mean "average" and before the noun when you mean "half": ...the average citizen...

**...the average salary...**

*...el ciudadano medio...***...half a kilo of tomatoes...**

*...el salario medio...*

*...medio kilo de tomates...*Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

## average

[ˈæv*ə*rɪdʒ]

*n*

*(gen)*→ moyenne

*f*

on average → en moyenne

above average, above the average → au-dessus de la moyenne

below average, below the average → en-dessous de la moyenne

the average for sth/sb → la moyenne pour qch/qn

for an average of ten days → pendant dix jours en moyenne

*(MATHEMATICS)*→ moyenne

*f*

*vi*

to average out at sth

My working week averages out at 40 hours → Je travaille en moyenne 40 heures par semaine.

Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

## average

*n*→ (Durch)schnitt

*m*; (Math also) → Mittelwert

*m*; to do an

**average**of 50 miles a day/3% a week → durchschnittlich

*or*im (Durch)schnitt 50 Meilen pro Tag fahren/3% pro Woche erledigen; what’s your

**average**over the last six months? → was haben Sie im letzten halben Jahr durchschnittlich geleistet/verdient

*etc*?; on

**average**→ durchschnittlich, im (Durch)schnitt; (= normally) → normalerweise; if you take the

**average**(Math) → wenn Sie den (Durch)schnitt

*or*Mittelwert nehmen; (general) → wenn Sie den durchschnittlichen Fall nehmen; above

**average**→ überdurchschnittlich, über dem Durchschnitt; below

**average**→ unterdurchschnittlich, unter dem Durchschnitt; the law of

**average**s → das Gesetz der Serie; by the law of

**average**s → aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nach

*adj*→ durchschnittlich; (= ordinary) → Durchschnitts-; (= not good or bad) → mittelmäßig; above/below

**average**→ über-/unterdurchschnittlich; the

**average**man, Mr Average → der

**Durchschnittsbürger**; the

**average**Scot → der Durchschnittsschotte; he’s a man of

**average**height → er ist von mittlerer Größe

*vt*

(= find the average of) → den Durchschnitt ermitteln von

(= do etc on average) → auf einen Schnitt von … kommen; we

**average**d 80 km/h → wir kamen auf einen Schnitt von 80 km/h, wir sind durchschnittlich 80 km/h gefahren; the factory**average**s 500 cars a week → die Fabrik produziert durchschnittlich*or*im (Durch)schnitt 500 Autos pro WocheCollins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

## average

[ˈævərɪdʒ]**1.**

*adj*→ medio/a (

*pej*) → qualsiasi

*inv*, ordinario/a

Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

## average

(ˈӕvəridʒ)*noun*

the result of adding several amounts together and dividing the total by the number of amounts. The average of 3, 7, 9 and 13 is 8 (= 32:4).

*adjective*

**1.**obtained by finding the average of amounts

*etc*. average price; the average temperature for the week.

**2.**ordinary; not exceptional. The average person is not wealthy; His work is average.

*verb*

to form an average. His expenses averaged (out at) 15 dollars a day.

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

## average

→ مُعَدَّل průměr, průměrný gennemsnit, gennemsnitlig Durchschnitt, durchschnittlich μέσος, μέσος όρος medio, promedio keskiarvo, keskimääräinen moyen, moyenne prosječan, prosjek media, medio 平均, 平均の 평균, 평균의 gemiddeld, gemiddelde gjennomsnitt, gjennomsnittlig przeciętny, średnia média, médio среднее арифметическое, средний genomsnitt, genomsnittlig โดยเฉลี่ย, ค่าเฉลี่ย ortalama mức trung bình, trung bình 平均数, 平均的Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

## av·er·age

*n.*promedio, término medio; de mediana proporción.

English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

## average

*adj*medio, promedio (

*inv*);

**the —**

**height**la estatura media

*or*promedio;

*n*media, promedio;

**above (the) —**superior a la media

*or*al promedio, por encima de la media

*or*del promedio;

**below (the) —**inferior a la media

*or*al promedio, por debajo de la media

*or*del promedio;

**on —**en promedio

English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

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