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n. pl. Modoc or Mo·docs
1. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting an area of the Cascade Range in south-central Oregon and northern California, with present-day populations in south-central Oregon and northeastern Oklahoma.
2. The dialect of Klamath spoken by the Modoc.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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"They recollected a wagon-train of Oregon settlers that'd been killed by the Modocs four years before.
When they was Indian-fightin' up there with the Modoc Indians, a lot of the miners an' settlers took a hand.
To be mistaken for a coward--to be played for a Modoc: these two expressions are one.
The Modoc War was extensively documented, not only in official military and government records, but in firsthand accounts, including memoirs, letters, lectures, and news stories from daring reporters who managed to interview the besieged Modocs.
For the Modocs, though, the lava beds at Tule Lake are home, not some site of a forced exile, fenced-in government camp, to which they were abandoned.
He was one of the seventy-one who were employed by the Government to conquer the Modocs in 1873.
Sherman, exclaimed that the Modoc treachery fully justified their "utter extermination." (2) In any event, on 1 June 1873, Kientpoos and his fellow Modocs were in Army custody.
The writings indicate that the men traveled to the Oregon-Northern California border specifically to witness the execution of the Modocs, "but we don't know what their motive was in doing it," Kepple said.
One hundred years later, the descendants of the Modocs are again on the defensive.
Murray, The Modocs and Their War (Norman:U of Oklahoma P, 1959) 98104, 118-23, 140-43, 188-89.
In the context of Ray's ethnography, the label "primitive pragmatist" is applied variously to describe the Modocs' emphasis on individual liberty, freedom of choice, and empirical reasoning.