faecalis by using methylene blue and toluidine blue as photosensitizers
combined with NaOCl or sodium chloride and a 660 nm wavelength diode laser at 40 mW power as the light source.
Photothermal therapy utilizes photosensitizers
to convert light to heat, which could destroy the tumor tissues.
The use of photosensitizers
and light is complementary as well as alternate method to the conventional way of fighting against pathogenic microbes.
Commonly used approaches for the construction of iminoquinones include (i) metal catalysis [5-7], (ii) photosynthesis by UV lamps and photosensitizers
, (iii) 2-iodoxybenzoic acid [IBX, 1-hydroxy-1,2-benziodoxol-3(1H)-one 1-oxide] oxidation [8,9], and (iv) Dess-Martin periodinane [DMP, 1,1,1-triacetoxy1,1-dihydro-1,2-benziodoxol-3(1H)-one]-mediated oxidative reaction .
that are hydrophobic in nature may be able to cross cellular membranes directly along their concentration gradient, and PS-drugs that have associated with lipid binding proteins such as low-density lipoprotein or human serum albumin can get taken up, specifically via cell surface receptors.
Many foods and beverages contain photosensitizers
that absorb specific wavelengths of light, both UV and visible.
Lime juice, wild carrots and parsnip proved to contain photosensitizers
, a chemical which makes human skin sensitive to sunlight.
Two types of solar cells with two photosensitizers
: thylakoid membrane preparations and anthocyanin-enriched raspberry extracts have been studied.
Some antihypertensive drugs that are classified as unknown photosensitizers
"may actually have photosensitizing properties," Ms.
In this way, the present data are important pre-requisites to apply quinquangulin and rubrofusarin as a potential drug, mainly as photosensitizers
, as well as to explain the mechanisms of action of these compounds.
According to research data, the leading contact photosensitizers
are sunscreens and topical NSAIDs (24).