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An ancient country of central and southern Italy. The expansionist desires of its rulers led to the Samnite Wars (343-290 bc) and the ultimate defeat of Samnium by Rome.

Sam′nite (săm′nīt′) adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(in ancient Italy ˈsæmnaɪt)
(Historical Terms) a member of an Oscan-speaking people of the S Apennines, who clashed repeatedly with Rome between 350 bc and 200 bc
(Historical Terms) of or relating to this people
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈsæm naɪt)
a member of an Oscan-speaking people of Samnium and adjacent regions: subjugated by the Romans in 290 b.c.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Samnite - an Oscan-speaking member of an ancient people of Campania who clashed repeatedly with the early RomansSamnite - an Oscan-speaking member of an ancient people of Campania who clashed repeatedly with the early Romans
Campania - a region of southwestern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea including the islands of Capri and Ischia
Italian - a native or inhabitant of Italy
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
His books are like the sun in the field of Roman history; at the point where they begin the veil of mist which still envelops the Samnite and Pyrrhic wars is raised, and at the point where they end a new and, if possible, still more vexatious twilight begins.
Un'attivita polivalente, questa di Giovannitti, come scrittore-politico militante, che avrebbe impregnato di fervorosa esaltazione la sua produzione poetica, senza per altro che da essa fossero esclusi squarci di tenerezza, come dimostra la sua struggente Nenia sannita (Samnite Cradle Song) giustamente antologizzata da Durante nella quarta sezione, una delle piu corpose, dedicata, appunto, ai radicalisti, sia di destra che di sinistra.
As with previous Total War games, tutorials focus initially on battlefield command, and we leap straight into a bit of early Roman history, during the Samnite Wars, when Rome hadn't yet conquered Italy.
In 321 BCE, during the second Samnite War, Samnite forces trapped a Roman army in the narrow pass known as the Caudine forks, in Campania.
Among the topics are killing Klytaimnestra: matricide myths on Etruscan bronze mirrors, androgynous imagery in Etruria, malaria in Etruria, aspects and implications of funerary ritual for infants during the Samnite period in the "Ronga" necropolis of Nola, and English potter Josiah Wedgewood (1730-95) and the Etruscans.
Pallottino offers a counterargument to the question of Greek influence on Roman civilization by evaluating the history of pre-Roman Italic cultural expressions present on the Italian peninsula such as Osco- Umbrian, Sabellic, Etruscan, Ligurian, Venetic and Samnite. (13) He argues that historians have underestimated the cultural value and degree of sophistication that Italic cultures had achieved on the Italian peninsula before and during the Roman civilization.
According to Canadian Press, the bid was submitted by PSP Holding LLC, an entity formed by Ottawa-based Samnite Technologies Inc and Marlin Equity Partners.
The team has found some 300 broken pieces of terracotta statues and wall plaques associated with a Samnite religious sanctuary from the second or third century B.C.
Rather, following the organization of both catalogue and exhibition they present a polysemous approach to the origins of the paintings in cross-currents of the existing cultures in Campania, Samnite and Oscan, the later Roman overlay, and the importation of belief and practice from the eastern Mediterranean.