Scalene muscles


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(Anat.) a group of muscles, usually three on each side in man, extending from the cervical vertebræ to the first and second ribs.

See also: Scalene

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in periodicals archive ?
Where in the body are the scalene muscles? answers WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN: Carol Vorderman; A light year; Severn Estuary; 1959 REMEMBER WHEN: 1992 IMPOSSIPUZZLES: 65 years WORDWISE: B WHO AM I: Kris Kristofferson 10 QUESTIONS: 1 Iran, 2 Benwell, 3 Tony Blair, 4 Jack Vettriano, 5 Sheriff Hill, 6 Robocop, 7 Bay, 8 Asia (Tokyo and Beijing), 9 Grass, 10 The neck
The scalene muscles generally are known as pectoralis minor or subclavius muscle can cause upper limb pain (Torriani et al.).
A contrast enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a large soft tissue mass in the left posterior neck that involved both the anterior and medius scalene muscles (Figure 1a, b).
Falla has reported that both the sternocleidomastoid and anterior scalene muscles' strength were significantly reduced in patients with neck pain at 25% of maximum voluntary contraction (p<0.05).
distance frien." 'Accessory' respiratory muscles, such as the scalene muscles and upper traps, have other roles to play during exercise, but will have to pick up the slack if your diaphragm is not in proper position.
distance friend " 'Accessory' respirator muscles, such as the scalene muscles and upper traps, have other roles to play during exercise, but will have to pick up the slack if your diaphragm is not in proper position.
A long axis view of the brachial plexus roots, sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle, levator scapula muscle, carotid artery, jugular vein, and anterior and middle scalene muscles was identified (Figure 2).
While breathing in, the inspiratory muscles contract by recruiting nonvolitional spinal nerves C3, C4, and C5 (the phrenic nerve) innervating the diaphragm, cranial nerve XI, spinal nerves C1 and C2 innervating the sternocleidomastoid and the scalene muscles, and T1 to T12 for the external intercostal muscles.
Actions of the scalene muscles for rotation of the cervical spine in macaque and human.
The most common site of origin in the head and neck is the masseter muscle, whereas IMH originating from the scalene muscles are rarely seen.
To determine to what extent thoracic movement plays a role in upper airway resistance, van de Graaff severed all of the cervical muscles (e.g., longus coli and scalene muscles) and other structures (e.g., trachea and esophagus) that connect the thorax to the pharynx.
The results revealed increased electromyographic amplitude of the large superficial sternocleidomastoid, and anterior scalene muscles in patients with neck pain.