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To·char·i·analso To·khar·i·an (tō-kâr′ē-ən, -kär′-)
1. A member of a people living in Chinese Turkistan until about the tenth century.
2. Either of the two Indo-European languages of this people, called Tocharian A and Tocharian B, recorded from the seventh to the ninth century.
3. A branch of the Indo-European language family consisting of the two Tocharian languages.
[From Latin Tocharī, a people of ancient Central Asia (originally identified with the Tocharians by modern scholars after the first discovery of Tocharian texts), from Greek Tokharoi.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Historical Terms) a member of an Asian people with a complex material culture, sometimes thought to be of European origin, who lived in the Tarim Basin until overcome by the Uighurs around 800 ad
2. (Languages) the language of this people, known from records in a N Indian script of the 7th and 8th centuries ad. It belongs to the Indo-European family, is regarded as forming an independent branch, and shows closer affinities with the W or European group than with the E or Indo-Iranian group. The language is recorded in two dialects, known as Tocharian A and Tocharian B
[C20: ultimately from Greek Tokharoi, name of uncertain origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
To•char•i•an(toʊˈkɛər i ən, -ˈkɑr-)
1. an extinct Indo-European language spoken in the NE Tarim Basin of W China c500–800 a.d., having an eastern dialect (Tocharian A) and a western dialect (Tocharian B).
2. a speaker of Tocharian.adj.
3. of or pertaining to Tocharian or its speakers.
[1925–30; < Greek Tóchar(oi) a Central Asian people + -ian]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||Tocharian - a branch of the Indo-European language family that originated in central Asia during the first millennium A.D.|
Indo-European language, Indo-Hittite, Indo-European - the family of languages that by 1000 BC were spoken throughout Europe and in parts of southwestern and southern Asia
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