ghabh- / Indo-European roots


To give or receive.

Derivatives include give, able, malady, prohibit, duty, endeavor.

1. Form *ghebh-.
a. give from Old English giefan, to give, and Old Norse gefa, to give;
b. zeitgeber from Old High German geban, to give;
c. forgive from Old English forgi(e)fan, to give, give up, leave off (anger), remit, forgive, from Germanic compound *far-geban, to give away (*far-, away; see per1). a-c all from Germanic *geban.
2. Suffixed form *ghebh-ti-, something given (or received) gift from Old Norse gipt, gift, a gift, from Germanic *giftiz.
3. O-grade form *ghobh-. gavel2 from Old English gafol, tribute, tax, debt, from Germanic *gab-ulam, something paid (or received).
4. Form *ghabh-ē-.
a. able, binnacle, habile, habit, habitable, habitant, habitat; avoirdupois, cohabit, exhibit, inhabit, inhibit, malady, prebend, prohibit, provender from Latin habēre, to hold, possess, have, handle (> habitāre, to dwell);
b. debenture, debit, debt, devoir, due, duty; endeavor from Latin dēbēre, to owe (dē-, away from; see de-).

[Pokorny ghabh- 407.]

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