weik- / Indo-European roots


Clan (social unit above the household).

Oldest form *weik̑-, becoming *weik- in centum languages.
1. Suffixed form *weik-slā-. villa, village, villain, villanelle, villein; bidonville, nasty from Latin vīlla, country house, farm.
2. Suffixed o-grade form *woik-o-.
a. vicinage, vicinity; bailiwick from Latin vīcus, quarter or district of a town, neighborhood;
b. androecium, autoecious, diocese, dioecious, ecesis, ecology, economy, ecumenical, heteroecious, monoecious, parish, parochial from Greek oikos, house, and its derivatives oikiā, a dwelling, and oikēsis, dwelling, administration.
3. Zero-grade form *wik-. Vaisya from Sanskrit viśaḥ, dwelling, house.

[Pokorny u̯eik̑- 1131.]


To bend, wind.

Derivatives include wicker, weak, vicarious.

I. Form *weig-.
1. a. wych elm from Old English wice, wych elm (having pliant branches); b. wicker from Middle English wiker, wicker, from a Scandinavian source akin to Swedish viker, willow twig, wand; c. wicket from Old North French wiket, wicket (< "door that turns"), from a Scandinavian source probably akin to Old Norse vikja, to bend, turn. a-c all from Germanic *wik-.
2. a. weak from Old Norse veikr, pliant; b. weakfish from Middle Dutch weec, weak, soft. Both a and b from Germanic *waikwaz.
3. week from Old English wicu, wice, week, from Germanic *wikōn-, "a turning" series.
II. Form *weik-. Zero-grade form *wik-. a. vicar, vicarious, vice-; vicissitude from Latin *vix (genitive vicis), turn, situation, change; b. vetch from Latin vicia, vetch (< "twining plant")..

[Pokorny 4. u̯eik- 1130.]


To fight, conquer.

1. wight2 from Old Norse vīgr, able in battle, from Germanic *wīk-.
2. Nasalized zero-grade form *wi-n-k-. vanquish, victor, vincible; convict, convince, evict, evince from Latin vincere, to conquer.
3. Zero-grade form *wik-. Ordovician from Celtic Ordovices (*ordo-wik-), "those who fight with hammers" (*ordo-, hammer).

[Pokorny 2. u̯eik- 1128.]

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