Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


Any of several long slender salamanders of the genus Amphiuma of the southeast United States that in their adult stage have two pairs of very small nonfunctioning legs and breathe with lungs although they are aquatic. Also called Congo eel, Congo snake.

[New Latin Amphiuma, genus name : Greek amphi-, amphi- + Greek pneuma, breath (so named by Alexander Garden, probably in the belief that the adults could breathe in water as well as in air ); see pneu- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.amphiuma - aquatic eel-shaped salamander having two pairs of very small feetamphiuma - aquatic eel-shaped salamander having two pairs of very small feet; of still muddy waters in the southern United States
salamander - any of various typically terrestrial amphibians that resemble lizards and that return to water only to breed
genus Amphiuma - congo snakes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bass find bluegills and crayfish among the leafy jungle, along with favorite lunker snacks of a bullhead or amphiuma. It's hard fishing, clearing the trolling motor prop and picking moss off a jig, but hours of punching mats can pay off in a big way.
In addition to a diet consisting mostly of fish, they have been documented feeding on several amphibian species including Coastal Giant Salamanders (Dicamptodon tenebrosus), Two-toed Amphiumas (Amphiuma means), and several ranid frog species.
One day, after setting several traps in a heavily vegetated pond in the Five Forks unit of Petersburg National Battlefield, he and his colleagues made an unexpected discovery: an enormous black salamander called a two-toed amphiuma.
The two species not captured or seen after the hurricane were the three-toed amphiuma Amphiuma tridactylum and the northern cricket frog Acris crepitans.
Its presence at the study site suggested the presence of sirens and/or amphiumas in the marsh, and as predicted, Amphiuma means and Siren intermedia were found living in the marsh in the summer of 2007 by the junior author.
They range in size from the diminutive 2-inch pygmy salamander, found in spruce-fir Appalachian forests, to the 2- to 4-foot-long two-toed amphiuma, a ditch-dwelling Southeastern species that resembles an eel.
For example, Cala (1983) reported that in Amphiuma (amphiuma (common name]) red cells, the mechanism of RVD is [K.sup.+.sub.out]/[] counter-transport coupled with [Cl.sup.-.sub.out]/HC[] exchange (where the subscripts in and out represent transport into and out of the cell, respectively), whereas RVI is accomplished by []/[H.sup.+.sub.out] transport coupled with []/HC[O.sub.3.sup.-.sub.out] exchange (Cala, 1983).
The host list for Glypthelmins quieta includes five genera of anurans, Acris, Bufo, Hyla, Pseudacris and Rana; for Huematoloechus ion giplexus, two genera, Bufo and Rana; for Megalodiscus temperatus, four genera of anurans, Bufo, Hyla, Pseudacris, and Rana, five genera of Caudata, Ambystoma, Amphiuma, Desmognathus, Notophthalmus and Pseudotriton, and one genus of Serpentes, Coluber (Parker 1941; Catalano et al.
No specimen of the genus Amphiuma has been recorded in Indiana since 1880, although habitat potentially suitable to species of this genus is present along riparian corridors in southern sections of the state.
scripta Graptemys Blood Byrd, 1939 pseudogeographica Vascular System Telorchis Amphiuma Intestine Mcdonald & sirensis tridactylum Brooks, 1989 Triganodistomum Erimyzon sucetta Intestine Bangham & Venard, mutabile 1942 Urocleidus acer Lepomis GUIs Mizelle & macrochirus Brennan, 1942 U.
The relatively long hydroperiod of cypress/gum wetlands potentially explains why they contained more salamander species, particularly aquatic species, such as two-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma means) and greater siren (Siren lacertina) and those with long larval development periods such as the mole salamander.