To date, there are some demonstrations of conditioned inhibition that have followed Papini and Bitterman's (1993) recommendations, for example, Cole, Bamet, and Miller (1997) using rats as subjects in an aversive conditioning
paradigm, and Acebes, Solar, Moris, and Loy (2012) with snails as subjects using an appetitive paradigm.
Robbins, "Complementary roles for the amygdala and hippocampus in aversive conditioning
to explicit and contextual cues," Neuroscience, vol.
In the aversive conditioning
paradigm, two erotic pictures were used as the CS, and the CS+ was followed by a mild electric shock to the wrist (US).
with LiCl works similarly in goats, horses, sheep and cattle (RALPHS & OLSEN, 1990; 1992; RALPHS & CHENEY, 1993; RALPHS et al., 1994; PFISTER & PRICE, 1996; PFISTER et al., 2002; DUNCAN & YOUNG, 2002), and has been used to train animals to avoid toxic plants that may vary greatly in palatability (RALPHS et al., 1994; DUMONT & BOISSY, 1999; MANUELIAN et al., 2010; 2014).
It took off in the opposite direction and I headed back over to the group with a golden opportunity to discuss aversive conditioning
and its importance in urban human-coyote conflict management.
This edition has been updated and reorganized to place biological influences after the discussion of appetitive and aversive conditioning
, and separates Pavlovian conditioning, appetitive conditioning, and aversive conditioning
into single chapters.
To this extent, our results parallel somehow those reported using aversive conditioning
paradigms where the acquisition of CS+/UCS associations (as measured by fear-startle potentiation) does not necessarily require contingency awareness, suggesting that this emotional learning is automatic and obligatory.
The use of aversive conditioning
in the forms of electric shock, chemical, and imagery were found to be beneficial when paired with non-aversive interventions for the treatment of alcoholism (Nathan, 1976).