botulinum toxin A

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Related to botulinum toxin A: Botox, Botulinum toxin type a
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Noun1.botulinum toxin A - a neurotoxin (trade name Botox) that is used clinically in small quantities to treat strabismus and facial spasms and other neurological disorders characterized by abnormal muscle contractions; is also used by cosmetic surgeons to smooth frown lines temporarily
botulinum toxin - any of several neurotoxins that are produced by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum; causes muscle paralysis
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References in periodicals archive ?
In 1989, the FDA approved botulinum toxin A (BTA) for the treatment of strabismus, blepharospasm, and other facial nerve disorders.
Beneficial effect of botulinum toxin A on Raynaud's phenomenon in Japanese patients with systemic sclerosis: A prospective, case series study.
Five days earlier, she had received botulinum toxin A injections using Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved doses for cervical dystonia at office A under electromyography guidance.
Efficacy of intraarticular botulinum toxin A and intraarticular hyaluronate plus rehabilitation exercise in patients with unilateral ankle osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial.
Botulinum toxin A (Botox) intradetrusor injections in adults with neurogenic detrusor overactivity/neurogenic overactive bladder: a systematic literature review.
Use of botulinum toxin a in the treatment of lower urinary tract disorders: a review of the literature.
Questionnaire about the adverse events and side effects following botulinum toxin A treatment in patients with cerebral palsy.
Botulinum toxin A has a paralyzing effect on muscles.
The facial asymmetry was treated successfully with botulinum toxin A injection, hyaluronic acid dermal filler injection, and a thread-lift procedure.
Intraoperative injection of botulinum toxin A into the orbicularis oculi muscle for the treatment of crow's feet.
Patients with history of laryngo-tracheal injury, laryngeal surgery, organic laryngeal pathology and previously treated with Botulinum toxin A were excluded from study.