Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Any of several perennial plants of the genus Sanguisorba of the rose family, some species of which have edible leaves used in salads or sauces.
[Middle English, from Medieval Latin burneta, from Old French brunete, dark brown, diminutive of brun, brown, of Germanic origin; see bher- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Plants) a plant of the rosaceous genus Sanguisorba (or Poterium), such as S. minor (or P. sanguisorba) (salad burnet), which has purple-tinged green flowers and leaves that are sometimes used for salads
2. (Plants) burnet rose Scotch rose a very prickly Eurasian rose, Rosa pimpinellifolia, with white flowers and purplish-black fruits
3. (Plants) burnet saxifrage a Eurasian umbelliferous plant of the genus Pimpinella, having umbrella-like clusters of white or pink flowers
4. (Animals) a moth of the genus Zygaena, having red-spotted dark green wings and antennae with enlarged tips: family Zygaenidae
[C14: from Old French burnete, variant of brunete dark brown (see brunette); so called from the colour of the flowers of some of the plants]
1. (Biography) Gilbert. 1643–1715, Scottish bishop and historian, who played a prominent role in the Glorious Revolution (1688–89); author of The History of My Own Times (2 vols: 1724 and 1734)
2. (Biography) Sir (Frank) Macfarlane (məkˈfɑːlən). 1899–1985, Australian physician and virologist, who shared a Nobel prize for physiology or medicine in 1960 with P. B. Medawar for their work in immunology
3. (Biography) Thomas. 1635–1715, English theologian who tried to reconcile science and religion in his Sacred theory of the Earth (1680–89)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
bur•net(bərˈnɛt, ˈbɜr nɪt)
any of several plants belonging to the genera Sanguisorba and Poterium, of the rose family, having pinnate leaves and dense heads of small flowers.
[1225–75; Middle English < Middle French burnete, variant of brunete (see brunet); so called from its hue]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.