Short stature is defined as height <or equal to 2 SD below the mean for the age and sex or height below 3rd centile
.1 Causes of short stature can either be normal variants of growth like familial short stature and constitutional delay of growth and puberty(CDGP)2,3 or it can be a result of chronic systemic diseases (renal, pulmonary and cardiac diseases, coeliac disease)4,5 endocrine disorders (hypopituitarism, isolated growth hormone deficiency, isolated hypothyroidism, endogenous and exogenous Cushing syndrome, adrenal insufficiency, osteomalacia or rickets),6-9 genetic (cystic fibrosis),10 chromosomal disorders (Turners syndrome)11 and skeletal dysplasias.12 Malnutrition, chemotherapy, radiotherapy13 and surgery are also contributory to short stature.
Piketty's inequality data emphasizes the measurement and evolution of incomes and wealth levels achieved by the richest 10 percent (or top decile), with some fine tuning for the richest 1 percent (top centile
On physical examination, his weight was found to be 31 kg (>97 centile
) and his height was found to be 123 cm (90 centile
"A strength test put me in the 53rd centile
. I was a fit male, six foot tall, and they expected me to be in the 75-80th centile
Demographic and clinical data of women Variable Mean [+ or -] SE Age (year) 44.06 [+ or -] 0.64 BMI (kg/nf) 25.22 [+ or -] 0.30 Proportion (%) Smoker 26.8% Women who had pregnancies 68.6% Women who had abortions 34.5% Treatment with estro- progestins 58.9% Diameter of leiomyomas <10 centile
10.8% 10-90 centile
79.0% >90 centile
10.2% Localization Intramucosal 18.7% Submucosal 76.0% Both localizations 5.3% Symptoms Pain 72.4% Bleeding 84.6% Surgery Total abdominal hysterectomy 87.2% Myomectomy 12.8% Table 3.
The pregnancy was uneventful, vaginal delivery at 39 weeks, with birth weight 2,600 g (5th centile
), and birth length 45 cm (25th centile
On a global basis (and also within ASEAN), we are now around the middle of the pack, usually between the 45th and 55th centile
of world rankings.
It is good to know that centile
charts of the anthropometric measurements have been generated for Omani infants born at 26-weeks of gestation.
Very overweight - doctors call this clinically obese - at or above 98th BMI centile
At clinical examination, weight was 51.5 kg (3th centile
), height 159 cm (<3th centile
and SDS-2,6), head circumference 57 cm (50th-75th centile
 At 42 weeks the range of AFV between the 3rd and the 97th centile
is wide and cannot be used to predict post-term pregnancies.
On examination initially the baby was in mild respiratory distress, respiratory rate was 62/ minute, heart rate was 122/ minute, facies were normal and weight was 8.3 kg (15 centile
) and head circumference of 43 cm (15 centile