cosmology

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cos·mol·o·gy

 (kŏz-mŏl′ə-jē)
n. pl. cos·mol·o·gies
1. The study of the physical universe considered as a totality of phenomena in time and space.
2.
a. The astrophysical study of the history, structure, and constituent dynamics of the universe.
b. A specific theory or model of this structure and these dynamics.
3. A philosophical, religious, or mythical explanation of the nature and structure of the universe.

cos′mo·log′ic (-mə-lŏj′ĭk), cos′mo·log′i·cal adj.
cos′mo·log′i·cal·ly adv.
cos·mol′o·gist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cosmology

(kɒzˈmɒlədʒɪ)
n
1. (Philosophy) the philosophical study of the origin and nature of the universe
2. (Astronomy) the branch of astronomy concerned with the evolution and structure of the universe
3. (Philosophy) a particular account of the origin or structure of the universe: Ptolemaic cosmology.
4. (Astronomy) a particular account of the origin or structure of the universe: Ptolemaic cosmology.
cosmological, ˌcosmoˈlogic adj
ˌcosmoˈlogically adv
cosˈmologist n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cos•mol•o•gy

(kɒzˈmɒl ə dʒi)

n.
1. the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and general structure of the universe, esp. with such of its characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom.
2. the branch of astronomy that deals with the general structure and evolution of the universe.
[1650–60; < New Latin cosmologia. See cosmo-, -logy]
cos•mol′o•gist, n.
cos`mo•log′i•cal (-məˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl) cos`mo•log′ic, adj.
cos`mo•log′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cos·mol·o·gy

(kŏz-mŏl′ə-jē)
The branch of astronomy that deals with the origin, evolution, and structure of the universe.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cosmology

- The study of the world as a totality of all phenomena in space and time.
See also related terms for phenomena.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cosmology

See also astronomy; planets; sun.

a 19th-century theory about cosmic evolution, developed from contemporary science, that regards the cosmos as self-existent and self-acting. — cosmist, n.
1. a theory about the origin and the evolution of the universe.
2. the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution of specific astronomical systems and the universe as a whole.
3. cosmology. — cosmogonist, n. — cosmogonic, adj.
1. the branch of astronomy that maps and describes the main features of the universe.
2. a description or representation of the main features of the universe. — cosmographer, n. — cosmographic, cosmographical, adj.
1. the branch of astronomy that studies the overall structure of the physical universe.
2. the branch of philosophy that studies the origin, structure, and evolution of the universe, especially such characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom. — cosmologic, cosmological, adj. — cosmologist, n.
the concept that the universe and God are identical; pantheism. — cosmotheist, n.
the concept of the cosmos as alive.
the belief concerning the creation by a transcendant God of the universe, matter, and living organisms out of nothing. — creationist, n.
1. the concept that the earth is the center of the universe.
2. Astronomy. the measurements or observations that are relative to the center of the earth. — geocentric, adj.
1. the concept that the sun is the center of the universe.
2. Astronomy. the measurements or observations that are relative to the center of the sun. Also heliocentricity.heliocentric, adj.
the theory that the totality of existence comprises only the physical universe in time and space. — pancosmic, adj.
a Gnostic theory that considered Satan’s to be the controlling will of the universe.
the philosophical theory of Herbert Spencer that cosmic evolution is cyclic, controlled by mechanical forces which tend toward equilibrium and relative complexity until a peak is reached, after which dissolution occurs, the universe reverts to a simple state, and the cycle begins again. — Spencerian, n., adj.
the belief that purpose and design control the development of the universe and are apparent through natural phenomena. — teleologist, n. — teleology, n.
the science of the universe. — universologist, n.
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cosmology

1. The study of the origin, nature, structure, or evolution of the universe.
2. The study of the universe.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cosmology - the metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe
metaphysics - the philosophical study of being and knowing
2.cosmology - the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
big bang theory, big-bang theory - (cosmology) the theory that the universe originated sometime between 10 billion and 20 billion years ago from the cataclysmic explosion of a small volume of matter at extremely high density and temperature
nebular hypothesis - (cosmology) the theory that the solar system evolved from a hot gaseous nebula
planetesimal hypothesis - (cosmology) the theory that the solar system was formed by the gravitational accumulation of planetesimals
continuous creation theory, steady state theory - (cosmology) the theory that the universe maintains a constant average density with matter created to fill the void left by galaxies that are receding from each other; "the steady state theory has been abandoned in favor of the big bang theory"
astrophysics - the branch of astronomy concerned with the physical and chemical properties of celestial bodies
big bang - (cosmology) the cosmic explosion that is hypothesized to have marked the origin of the universe
inflation - (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang
closed universe - (cosmology) a universe that is spatially closed and in which there is sufficient matter to halt the expansion that began with the big bang; the visible matter is only 10 percent of the matter required for closure but there may be large amounts of dark matter
cosmic string, string - (cosmology) a hypothetical one-dimensional subatomic particle having a concentration of energy and the dynamic properties of a flexible loop
CBR, CMB, CMBR, cosmic background radiation, cosmic microwave background, cosmic microwave background radiation - (cosmology) the cooled remnant of the hot big bang that fills the entire universe and can be observed today with an average temperature of about 2.725 kelvin
Hubble constant, Hubble parameter, Hubble's constant, Hubble's parameter - (cosmology) the ratio of the speed of recession of a galaxy (due to the expansion of the universe) to its distance from the observer; the Hubble constant is not actually a constant, but is regarded as measuring the expansion rate today
ylem - (cosmology) the original matter that (according to the big bang theory) existed before the formation of the chemical elements
dark matter - (cosmology) a hypothetical form of matter that is believed to make up 90 percent of the universe; it is invisible (does not absorb or emit light) and does not collide with atomic particles but exerts gravitational force
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
kosmologie
kosmologia
kozmologija
kosmologi
kozmológia
kozmologija
kosmologi

cosmology

[kɒzˈmɒlədʒɪ] Ncosmología f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

cosmology

[kɒzˈmɒlədʒi] n
(= theory) → cosmologie f
(= study) → cosmologie f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

cosmology

nKosmologie f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

cosmology

[kɒzˈmɒlədʒɪ] ncosmologia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
TEHRAN (FNA)- At a cosmologically crisp one degree Kelvin (minus 458 degrees Fahrenheit), the Boomerang Nebula is the coldest known object in the Universe -- colder, in fact, than the faint afterglow of the Big Bang, which is the natural background temperature of space.
no matter how we choose to explain white oppression or global supremacy, whether cosmologically or mundanely, the ultimate reason the white man does what he does is because he possesses the power to do so" (Wilson, 1998, p.2)
However, the [LAMBDA]CDM model, though cosmologically important, has by itself no physical basis and requires a choice of free parameters (DM and DE) in order to fit the underlying expansion theory to the observed RS/d data.
Now, similar to the space-probes, if the cosmologically red-shifting photons also decelerate due to the "cosmic-gravitational-force" then the linear part of the cosmological-red-shift may not be due to the "metric-expansion-of-space"; only the recently-discovered accelerated-expansion may be due to the "metric-expansion-of-space"; and its rate [H.sub.0]c suggests that even the receding galaxies may be getting decelerated like the space-probes!
Their relatively low abundances of "heavy" elements (elements heavier than helium, called "metals" by astronomers) imply the galaxies are cosmologically young and may have formed recently.
But it can't be studied in the kind of detail that GALEX provides on cosmologically nearby systems like Stephan's Quintet (a "mere" 300 million light-years from Earth).
not just as a historical story but as a religious and cosmologically significant event" (p.
Supernovas are important as the final, cataclysmic stage in the life cycles of stars and the sources of many heavy chemical elements, but they can also be used cosmologically as "standard candles.' All supernovas of a given type are expected to have the same intrinsic luminosity at maximum light.
Srednicki, "Calculations of neutralino-stau coannihilation channels and the cosmologically relevant region of MSSM parameter space," Astroparticle Physics, vol.
Rather than remaining a cosmologically, or even sociologically oriented 'art', medicine in the archipelago shifted toward a physiological, empirical and symptom-driven 'science', though never completely relinquishing its status as an 'art'.
What I find congenial in Peirce is that neither epistemically nor cosmologically does his concept of being yield to a species of finality whose character may be determined without approximation.
It is possible to turn this argument around, however--to wit, an indigenous sky theme prepared fertile ground for missionization and Enga, Ipili, or Somaip Christianities and that the Cult of Ain is to be explained cosmologically, in terms of indigenous tropes and philosophies (cf.