After several weeks of instruction, researchers found that in all subjects except chemistry, students who had read the "disfluent
" materials performed far better on assignments.
"We don't want to give them five grade levels above, because they'll internalize disfluent
Narayanan, "Automatic detection and classification of disfluent
reading miscues in young children's speech for the purpose of assessment," in Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, Interspeech 2007, pp.
Judges assigned a rating from 1 to 7 for each speaker (1 = very disfluent
, 7 = very fluent).
Specifically, we examined whether or not presenting promotional information in a disfluent
format can, in fact, elicit positive consumer responses, especially when consumers infer that the duration of the discount is long or the frequency of the discount is high.
There is evidence that they can affect up to one-third of utterances ; for example, in conversational speech in American English, about 6 per 100 words are disfluent
But it also lies in comporting with new media styles, which have made "disfluent
" ways of speaking useful for the intimacy they can promote between presidents and audiences (McCormick and Stuckey 2013, 3)- Modern presidents have become less able to exert control over the press than their forebears, and their fragmented message environment "shifts the hermeneutic burden of making sense ...
(115) Also, Hernandez and Preston's online study showed that mock jurors who were exposed to either positive or negative information about a defendant rendered verdicts in line with that information when materials were presented in a fluent format (visually easier to read), but not when presented in a disfluent
format (visually harder to read).
Preference for fluent versus disfluent
speech characteristics of monolingual Spanish-speaking children.
Young children's (3-5 year old) perceptions of a disfluent