The southern section of the border roughly follows the forty-ninth parallel
while the northern section, between Alaska and the Yukon, mostly follows the one hundred forty-first meridian west.
Chapter 2, "Exchange: Trade, Sovereignty, and the Forty-Ninth Parallel
," explores the Metis role in the "growing salience of the 49th parallel" (55) and how they came to negotiate it for their benefit.
While Metis and the Medicine Line focuses primarily on physically crossing the forty-ninth parallel
, it also explores the many other ways that nineteenth-century Indigenous people crossed boundary markers of identity, legal status, and citizenship.
He then explores Lawrence Hill's exploration of faction, historiography, metafiction, and the documentary novel, especially Hill's Book of Negroes, its narrative, and its narrative memory in water crossings and shifts of status, and he considers Any Known Blood and its movement back and forth across the forty-ninth parallel
Although Americans have long been migrating north of the forty-ninth parallel
into Canada, they remain a largely understudied immigrant group.
Niro, as a Mohawk woman, has much at stake in this installation precisely because the Mohawk nation, as Huhndorf notes, has been severed by the forty-ninth parallel
. Niro was born in Niagara Falls, New York, but now resides in Brantford, Ontario, near the Six Nations Reserve, and has created an impressive body of work about the transnational negotiations that she and her family (particularly her sisters) face as Mohawk women who literally live on the border.
Many American historians define their topics, pursue their research, and write their books limited by a border mentality that halts their endeavours at the Rio Grande or the forty-ninth parallel
. For many Native peoples, however, an international border is a recent phenomenon in their histories, an arbitrary and artificial line that cut across existing tribal spaces, even as it compelled new political arrangements.
The youngest spy helps uncover a daring plot by southerners to incite an armed invasion north of the forty-ninth parallel
Thus, those residing below the forty-ninth parallel
and not as far south so as to be below the Rio Grande River are Americans of the United States of America only because, after the Revolution, there was nothing else to call them.
This event, though unusual, is not revolutionary--it remains the case that "North of the forty-ninth parallel
, the word 'conservative' has become as much of an epithet as 'liberal' has in the United States." No single sentence more effectively captures the political landscape of America's northern neighbor than this one, which opens Rescuing Canada's Right, a patriotic call to arms for Canadian conservatives.
Exploring evangelicals as a subculture by using a number of studies from each country and interviews from 181 people from selected areas in each country, he has for the first time provided an analysis of the commonalities and differences among evangelicals on either side of the forty-ninth parallel
. He clearly demonstrates that core evangelicals in the two nations are more like each other than they are like the wider cultures in which they are situated.
But when we are treated to such a delightful example of American intelligence--Lewis Lapham's article, not the CIA--it makes us feel secure that, yes, there are full-fledged, top-notch, functioning brains below the Forty-ninth Parallel
. Would that they were in politics.