Differences in native soil ecology associated with invasion of the exotic annual chenopod, Halogeton
Effect on Plant Compound Plant part livestock Cocklebur Hydroquinone Seeds and Nausea, poor herbage gain Lambsquarters Nitrates Herbage Respiratory failure, death Halogeton
Oxalates Herbage Kidney failure Horary Unknown Herbage Fever, founder alyssum in horses Nightshade Alkaloid Herbage and Diarrhea green berries Poison ivy Urushiol Herbage and Dermatitis roots Water Cicutoxin Roots and Death hemlock herbage White snake Retinol Herbage Kidney failure root Table 14-7 Examples of human poisonings through ingestion or inhalation of toxins from weeds.
Livestock with this bacterium in their rumen can readily ingest forages (e.g., halogeton
) that contain up 30% by weight of oxalate; those that lack this bacterium will die of oxalate toxicity soon after eating the same forage (James and Butcher, 1972; Allison et al., 1985).
Alkaloid Beet tops Beta vulgaris Oxalates Curly leafed dock Rumex crispus Oxalates Greasewood Sarcobatus vermiculatus Oxalates Halogeton Halogeton
glomeratus Oxalates Milkweeds Halogeton
glomeratus Oxalates Osalis, "shamrock" Oxalis spp.
It is an effective biological suppressor of halogeton
[Halogeton glomeratus (M.
Managers also chose kochia for its value as forage or for its ability to outcompete weeds such as cheatgrass and a poisonous plant called "halogeton
resulted in widespread induced erosion" and halogeton
On the river terraces and in the deltas, there is halophytic vegetation consisting mainly of annual chenopods (Salsola, Suaeda, Halogeton
) or shrubby chenopods (Halostachys), the occasional specimen of zaisan (Haloxylon ammodendron), tamarisk, and Nitraria schoberi (Zygophyllaceae).
Since the late 1800s, these areas have been invaded by exotic annual plants such as cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), Russian thistle (Salsola iberica), barilla (Halogeton
glomeratus), peppergrass (Lepidium perfoliatum), tansymustard (Descurania sophia), tumble-mustard (Sisymbrium altissimum), and crane's bill (Erodium cicutarium; Yensen 1982).
Seedlings growth and antioxidative enzymes activities in leaves under heavy metal stress differ between two desert plants: a perennial (Peganum harmala) and an annual (Halogeton
glomeratus) grass.Acta Physiol.