This strategy may be parasitic (e.g., dusky shiner Notropis cummingsae and redbreast sunfish Lepomis auritus; Fletcher, 1993), beneficial to the associate (e.g., striped shiner Luxilus chrysocephalus and hornyhead chub
Nocomis biguttatus; Johnston, 1994a), or mutualistic, benefiting both the host and nest associate (e.g., green sunfish Lepomis cyanellus and redfin shiner Lythrurus umbratilis; Johnston, 1994b).
The species collected in the original surveys but not in the present are: common shiner, hornyhead chub
, western blacknose dace, northern redbelly dace, and lake herring.
storeriana, silver chub 168 5 2 Nocomis biguttatus, hornyhead chub
62 35 90 N.
If the hornyhead chub (Nocomis biguttatus), which was collected by Lehman (1974) but was left off the list of Curry and Spacie (1978), is included, the total species known from Tippecanoe County reached 96.
The American brook lamprey (Lampetra appendix), central mudminnow, grass pickerel (Esox americanus vermiculatus), redfinshiner (Lythrurus umbratilis), hornyhead chub, creek chubsucker (Erimyzon oblongus), black bullhead (Ameiurus melas), tadpole madtom, blackstripe topminnow (Fundulus notatus), and redear sunfish were never collected from the Wabash or Tippecanoe Rivers.
obtusus)], which could be differentiated from other cyprinids, were divided into the "small cyprinid group" and the "large cyprinid group" [species attaining total lengths >10 cm; in our study represented by common shiner (Luxilus cornutus), creek chub ( Semotilus atromaculatus) and hornyhead chub
Spawning behaviors have been reported in detail for redspot chub, Nocomis asper, in Missouri (Maurakis and Roston, 1998); hornyhead chub
, N biguttatus, in Missouri (Pflieger, 1975) and Wisconsin (Vives, 1990); river chub, N micropogon, in Michigan (Reighard, 1943), New York (Miller, 1964) and Virginia (Sabaj, 1992; Jenkins and Burkhead, 1994); and bluehead chub, N leptocephalus, in North Carolina (Johnston, 1991), South Carolina (Wallin 1989, 1992) and Virginia (Sabaj, 1992).
For example an eastern range extension of Hornyhead Chub
(Nocomis biguttatus) was recently documented for the Little Kanawha River drainage based on museum records from the 1960s (Welsh et al., 2013).
Two pebble nest-building species (hornyhead chub
Nocomis biguttatus and creek chub) were found throughout the Raccoon River basin in Illinois.