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CONVERSION BETWEEN METRIC AND U.S. CUSTOMARY UNITS
FROM U.S. CUSTOMARY TO METRIC
|When You Know||Multiply By||To Find|
|pints (liquid)||0.47||liters (liquid)|
|quarts (liquid)||0.95||liters (liquid)|
|cubic feet||0.028||cubic meters|
|cubic yards||0.76||cubic meters|
|short tons (2,000 lbs)||0.91||metric tons|
|square inches||6.45||square centimeters|
|square feet||0.09||square meters|
|square yards||0.84||square meters|
|square miles||2.59||square kilometers|
FROM METRIC TO U.S. CUSTOMARY
|When You Know||Multiply By||To Find|
|liters (liquid)||1.06||quarts (liquid)|
|cubic meters||35.31||cubic feet|
|metric tons (1,000 kg)||1.10||short tons|
|square centimeters||0.155||square inches|
|square meters||1.20||square yards|
|square kilometers||0.39||square miles|
TEMPERATURE CONVERSION BETWEEN CELSIUS AND FAHRENHEIT
|°C = (°F - 32) ÷ 1.8|
|°F = (°C × 1.8) + 32|
UNITS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM
The International System (abbreviated SI, for Système International, the French name for the system) was adopted in 1960 by the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures. An expanded and modified version of the metric system, the International System addresses the needs of modern science for additional and more accurate units of measurement. The key features of the International System are decimalization, a system of prefixes, and a standard defined in terms of an invariable physical measure.
The International System has base units from which all others in the system are derived. The standards for the base units, except for the kilogram, are defined by unchanging and reproducible physical occurences. For example, the meter is defined as the distance traveled by light in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second. The standard for the kilogram is a platinum-iridium cylinder kept at the International Bureau of Weights and Standards in Sèvres, France.
|mole||amount of matter||mol|
A multiple of a unit in the International System is formed by adding a prefix to the name of that unit. The prefixes change the magnitude of the unit by orders of ten from 1024 to 10-24.
|yotta-||Y||1024 = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000|
|zetta-||Z||1021 = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000|
|exa-||E||1018 = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000|
|peta-||P||1015 = 1,000,000,000,000,000|
|tera-||T||1012 = 1,000,000,000,000|
|giga-||G||109 = 1,000,000,000|
|mega-||M||106 = 1,000,000|
|kilo-||k||103 = 1,000|
|hecto-||h||102 = 100|
|deca-||da||10 = 10|
|deci-||d||10-1 = 0.1|
|centi-||c||10-2 = 0.01|
|milli-||m||10-3 = 0.001|
|micro-||μ||10-6 = 0.000,001|
|nano-||n||10-9 = 0.000,000,001|
|pico-||p||10-12 = 0.000,000,000,001|
|femto-||f||10-15 = 0.000,000,000,000,001|
|atto-||a||10-18 = 0.000,000,000,000,000,001|
|zepto-||z||10-21 = 0.000,000,000,000,000,000,001|
|yocto-||y||10-24 = 0.000,000,000,000,000,000,000,001|
Most of the units in the International System are derived units, that is units defined in terms of base units and supplementary units. Derived units can be divided into two groups—those that have a special name and symbol, and those that do not.
|WITHOUT NAMES AND SYMBOLS|
|electric field strength||V/m|
|magnetic field strength||A/m|
|WITH NAMES AND SYMBOLS|
|joule||quantity of energy||J||N·m|
|lumen||flux of light||lm||cd·sr|
|tesla||magnetic flux density||T||Wb/m2|
meas•ure•ment(ˈmɛʒ ər mənt)
2. the measurement of a part of a figure as a fraction of the total figure’s height. — autometric, adj.
2. the measuring and recording of the angular oscillations of an aircraft in flight, with respect to an axis or axes flxed in space. — kymograph, n. — kymographic, adj.
2. the branch of geometry dealing with measurement of length, area, or volume. — mensurate, mensurational, adj.
2. the process of determining the specific gravity of a liquid. — stereometric, adj.
A measurement is a result obtained by measuring something.
You do not use 'measurement' to refer to an action taken by a government. The word you use is measure.
|Noun||1.||measurement - the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule; "the measurements were carefully done"; "his mental measurings proved remarkably accurate"|
activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity"
seismography - the measurement of tremors and shocks and undulatory movements of earthquakes
quantitative analysis, quantitative chemical analysis - chemical analysis to determine the amounts of each element in the substance
actinometry - measuring the intensity of electromagnetic radiation (especially of the sun's rays)
algometry - measuring sensitivity to pain or pressure
anemography - recording anemometrical measurements
anemometry - measuring wind speed and direction
angulation - the precise measurement of angles
anthropometry - measurement and study of the human body and its parts and capacities
arterial blood gases - measurement of the pH level and the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations in arterial blood; important in diagnosis of many respiratory diseases
audiometry - measuring sensitivity of hearing
calorimetry - measurement of quantities of heat
cephalometry - measurement of human heads
densitometry - measuring the optical density of a substance by shining light on it and measuring its transmission
dosimetry - measuring the dose of radiation emitted by a radioactive source
mental measurement - a generic term used to cover any application of measurement techniques to the quantification of mental functions
micrometry - measuring with a micrometer
observation - the act of making and recording a measurement
pelvimetry - measurement of the dimensions of the bony birth canal (to determine whether vaginal birth is possible)
photometry - measurement of the properties of light (especially luminous intensity)
quantification - the act of discovering or expressing the quantity of something
radioactive dating - measurement of the amount of radioactive material (usually carbon 14) that an object contains; can be used to estimate the age of the object
meter reading, reading - the act of measuring with meters or similar instruments; "he has a job meter reading for the gas company"
sampling - measurement at regular intervals of the amplitude of a varying waveform (in order to convert it to digital form)
sounding - the act of measuring depth of water (usually with a sounding line)
sound ranging - locating a source of sound (as an enemy gun) by measurements of the time the sound arrives at microphones in known positions
scaling - act of measuring or arranging or adjusting according to a scale
spirometry - the use of a spirometer to measure vital capacity
surveying - the practice of measuring angles and distances on the ground so that they can be accurately plotted on a map; "he studied surveying at college"
telemetry - automatic transmission and measurement of data from remote sources by wire or radio or other means
thermometry - the measurement of temperature
thermogravimetry - the measurement of changes in weight as a function of changes in temperature used as a technique of chemically analyzing substances
tonometry - the measurement of intraocular pressure by determining the amount of force needed to make a slight indentation in the cornea
bust/hip measurement → contorno m de pecho/de caderas
inside leg measurement → largo m de entrepierna
waist measurement → cintura f, talle m
to take sb's measurements → tomar las medidas a algn
What is your waist measurement? → Quel est votre tour de taille?
chest measurement → tour m de poitrine
hip measurement → tour m de hanches
measurement[ˈmɛʒəmənt] n (act) → misurazione f; (measure) → misura
to take sb's measurements → prendere le misure di or a qn
chest/hip measurement → giro petto/fianchi