He went to sea in July 1942 as a midshipman in the cruiser Birmingham, then the Australian destroyer I Quickmatch and the battleship Resolution, taking part in Indian Ocean convoy
operations and the taking of Madagascar from the Vichy French.
A MARINE who survived dangerous ocean convoys
in the Second World War has backed the Mirror's medal campaign.
He also inherited a tangled chain of command, with a Royal Navy rear admiral responsible for ocean convoys
reporting directly to the Admiralty in London, while coastal shipping was controlled by the RCN.
The New Zealand Navy, or New Zealand sailors in the Royal Navy, took part at the River Plate; in the Battle of the Atlantic; in protecting Indian Ocean convoys
and in the Mediterranean; on Arctic convoys to Russia; in the D-Day landings in Normandy and the even bigger US landings on Okinawa; in the horrendous Solomons Islands campaign, and with the Eastern Fleet off the coast of Japan in the last days of the war.
MORE than 100 Allied merchant ships on Arctic Ocean convoys
were sent to the bottom by the Germans during a four-year period of World War II.