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Related to omer: ephah
1. An ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure equal to a tenth of an ephah, about 3.5 liters (3.7 quarts).
a. An offering of a sheaf or an omer of the first harvest of barley to a priest in the Temple on the second day of Passover.
b. Omer A 49-day liturgical season, originally a harvest festival, from the second day of Passover to the first day of Shavuot, during which marriages are prohibited and signs of mourning are observed.
[Hebrew 'ōmer; see ġmr in Semitic roots. Sense 2b, from the offering of a sheaf of barley on the second day of Passover.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Units) an ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure equal to one tenth of an ephah
[C17: from Hebrew `ōmer a measure]
(Judaism) Judaism a period of seven weeks extending from the second day of Passover to the first day of Shavuoth, and observed as a period of semimourning
[named because sacrifices of an omer of grain were made]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
o•mer(ˈoʊ mər; Heb. ɔˈmɛr)
1. an ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure, the tenth part of an ephah.
2. (usu. cap.) the period of 49 days from the second day of Passover to the first day of Shavuoth, a period of semimourning.
[< Hebrew ‘ōmer]
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