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A word or construction that takes the place of a verb or verb phrase, such as do in the sentence She likes ice cream and I do, too.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a word that can substitute for a verb or verb phrase, as do in They never attend meetings, but I do.


(ˈprɒv ərb)

1. a short popular saying, usu. of unknown and ancient origin, that expresses effectively some commonplace truth or useful thought; adage; saw.
2. a person or thing commonly regarded as an embodiment or representation of some quality; byword.
3. a profound Biblical saying, maxim, or oracular utterance requiring interpretation.
[1275–1325; Middle English proverbe < Middle French < Latin prōverbium=prō- pro-1 + verb(um) word + -ium -ium1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the past tense, did had originally been used as an anticipating pro-verb, which was now interpreted as underlining the factuality and thus the completion or accomplishment of the state-of-affairs denoted by the main verb.
Other techniques are also used to join sentences together, for example, we use synonymy, place and time relaters, determiners, proforms (pronouns, pro-verbs, and other pro-forms), ellipsis, enumeration, parallelism (repetition of sentence structure), conjunctions and various transitions.