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also pro·tect·er  (prə-tĕk′tər)
1. One who protects; a guardian.
2. A device that protects; a guard.
3. Protector
a. A person who rules a kingdom during the minority of a sovereign.
b. The head of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1653 to 1659.

pro·tec′tor·al adj.
pro·tec′tor·ship′ n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In the absence of a royal court, fashion became 'deregulated', with London merchants supplying the desires of rich customers, especially royalists eager to cock a snook at the protectoral regime.
Smith, "Oliver Cromwell and the Protectorate Parliaments"; Jason Peacey, "The Protector Humbled: Richard Cromwell and the Constitution"; Peter Hunneyball, "Cromwellian Style: The Architectural Trappings of the Protectorate Regime"; Blair Worden, "Oliver Cromwell and the Council"; Peter Gaunt, "'To Create a Little World out of Chaos': The Protectoral Ordinances of 1653-1654 Reconsidered"; Patrick Little, "The Irish and Scottish Councils and the Dislocation of the Protectoral Union"; Lloyd Bowen, "'This Murmuring and Unthankful Peevish Land': Wales and the Protectorate"; Stephen K.
During the twists and turns of the Cause in the later 1650s--the glorification of the Protector as the God-like Creator of a new republic, the collapse of Protectoral politics and the revived imagery of collective creation and restoration, the final collapse in 1660--Milton was planning, and beginning to write, Paradise Lost....
Beyond such obvious instances as Marvell's Protectoral poems, we get glimpses of his poetic interests informing his relation to his patrons--in his correspondence with the Lord Wharton, for example--and to his family.
The key problem with the Humble Petition was that it had not been designed as a protectoral constitution at all.
Like the queen's cookery book, The Court & Kitchin makes the case for monarchy, but now from its alleged opposite: the parsimonious and vulgar Protectoral court.
Laura Lunger Knoppers examines the early images of Cromwell as his star ascended, at his Protectoral apogee, and after his death.
Careful use is made of the varied descriptions and analysis of the nature of Protectoral power offered by foreign ambassadors to their governments and to Oliver himself.
This republican poetics is densely documented throughout Writing the English Republic, which is structured largely chronologically, but also groups together works by a single author (e.g., Marvell) or on a certain theme (e.g., "protectoral Augustanism and its critics").