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The hydrolytic breakdown of proteins into peptides and amino acids, as occurs during digestion.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biochemistry) the hydrolysis of proteins into simpler compounds by the action of enzymes: occurs esp during digestion
[C19: from New Latin, from proteo- (from protein) + -lysis]
proteolytic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌproʊ tiˈɒl ə sɪs)

the breaking down of proteins into simpler compounds, as in digestion.
[1875–80; proteo- (comb. form representing protein) + -lysis]
pro`te•o•lyt′ic (-əˈlɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


the breaking down or hydrolysis of proteins into simpler compounds, as in digestion. — proteolytic, adj.
See also: Bodily Functions
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.proteolysis - the hydrolysis of proteins into peptides and amino acids by cleavage of their peptide bonds
chemical action, chemical change, chemical process - (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Biotinylated proteins have won increasingly attention for its wide applications including ELISA assay, proteolysis test, immunoprecipitation assay, immunohistochemistry, cross-linking, flow cytometry, signal transduction experiments, receptor binding studies, and experimental tissue therapy and tissue engineering.
The product types include glycolysis, proteolysis and lipolysis wherein lipolysis contributes the largest share among the reaction types over the forecast period.
Arvinas uses its proprietary technology platform to engineer proteolysis targeting chimeras, or PROTAC targeted protein degraders, that are designed to harness the body's own natural protein disposal system to selectively and efficiently degrade and remove disease-causing proteins.
(Headquarters: Tokyo, CEO: Haruo Naito, "Eisai") announced today that it has entered into a collaboration research agreement with the University of Dundee in Scotland, UK, regarding Proteolysis Targeting Chimeras (PR0TACs)1 toward drug discovery in oncology area.
The agreement partners Professor Alessio Ciulli, one of the pioneers in the field of Proteolysis targeting chimeras, based in the School of Life Sciences at Dundee, with Boehringer Ingelheim's pharmaceutical expertise.
Milk proteolysis was evaluated to determine proteolytic shelf life.
Thus, studies on the profiles of fish post-mortem proteolysis process could possibly help to prevent and/or control the deterioration of fish muscle quality.
In eukaryotic cells, proteasomes are the largest, most important protein complex machines that degrade damaged proteins using proteolysis, a chemical reaction that breaks peptide bonds.
NaCl is one of the most important ingredients affecting meat proteolysis and production of small bioactive peptides and free amino acids, because NaCl regulates the proteolytic enzymes activity, inhibiting their activity when its concentration increases during the late stage of fermentation (Toldra, 2002).Therefore, the reduction of this ingredient may increase the activity of these enzymes, resulting in higher degradation of myofibrillar proteins (Toldra, 2006).
The biochemistry of the cheese ripening is usually evaluated under three general subjects: proteolysis, lipolysis, and glycolysis [11, 30].
The temporal variability of several cheeses has been extensively discussed for parameters such as proteolysis and pH [4-6], moisture and salts [7, 8], texture [2], and microstructure [9].