radiolysis


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Related to radiolysis: Pulse radiolysis

ra·di·ol·y·sis

 (rā′dē-ŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. ra·di·ol·y·ses (-sēz′)
Molecular decomposition of a substance as a result of radiation.

ra′di·o·lyt′ic (-ə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

radiolysis

(ˌreɪdɪˈɒlɪsɪs)
n
(Nuclear Physics) chemical decomposition caused by radiation, such as a beam of electrons or X-rays
radiolytic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ra•di•ol•y•sis

(reɪ diˈɒl ə sɪs)

n.
the dissociation of molecules by ionizing radiation.
[1945–50]
ra`di•o•lyt′ic (-oʊˈlɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.radiolysis - molecular disintegration resulting from radiation
lysis - (biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria
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References in periodicals archive ?
X-ray radiolysis induced formation of silver nano-particles: A SAXS and UV-visible absorption spectroscopy study.
The applied radiation energy to an aqueous solution results in the radiolysis of water molecules into hydroxyl and hydrogen radicals (H* and OH*).
Synthesis of core-shell silver-polyaniline nanocomposites by gamma radiolysis method.
Indirect effect, on the other hand, causes the formation of free radicals with the radiolysis of water molecules due to the effect of radiation.
This new study shows that radiolysis, a process through which radiation breaks water molecules into their constituent hydrogen and oxygen parts, would have created plenty of hydrogen in the ancient Martian subsurface.
The attached chromophores and auxochromes are considered to be the main source of azo dye color, the explanation of the decoloration process is that the radiolysis product of dimethylformamide by 60Co I3-irradiated is the following [9]:
Indirectly, however, it causes the formation of free radicals by performing radiolysis on water molecules around the radiation molecule (1-4).
Two-dimensional Mo K[alpha] elemental maps of the sample chamber were made at each pressure and temperature condition to correct for any changes in the position of the HDAC due to thermal expansion and to make sure that no Mo-bearing solids, formed by beam-induced radiolysis, were present.
One of the indirect effects of radiation is the radiolysis of water, which after a chain of events leads to apoptosis.
When irradiated, highly reactive radicals and ions are formed in the process called "radiolysis".26