Although the incidence of renal calculus
and its etiology varies significantly with genetic, ethnic, geographical and environmental background.
Clinical effectiveness of prospectively reported sonographic twinkling artifact for the diagnosis of renal calculus
in patients without known urolithiasis.
It can help in measuring the size of kidneys and extent of renal damage, it can detect renal calculus
and its size, hydronephrosis and its extent, any dilatation of pelvicalyceal system, or renal cystitis, abscess, calculus and residual post-voidal urine in bladder or any changes in renal parenchyma.
The cause leading to simple nephrectomy was non-functional kidney (NFK) due to renal calculus
disease in 101(49.7%) cases (Figure-3), followed by pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction(PUJO) causing renal damage in 31(15.2%) (Figure-4), chronic pyelonephritis 24(11.2%) and pyonephrosis 15(7.38%).
Caption: Figure 1: CT scan: left renal calculus
with multiple cysts.
Although it is well-established and applicated in laparoscopic surgery, renal calculus
formation caused by Hem-o-lok migration is the nonnegligible potential complications.
At diagnosis, an obstructive renal calculus
was noticed in nine patients (75%).
What in the human body is known medically as a renal calculus
Her personal history included renal calculus
, hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
After investigations, it was found that he had lower ureteric calculus and renal calculus
. Patient underwent ureterolithotomy + Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS).
(6) Computed tomography findings of diffuse XGP include hydronephrosis (90.9%), renal calculus
(72.7%), pyonephrosis (45.5%), intraparenchymatous collection (45.5%), cortical renal atrophy (45.5%), nonfunctioning kidney (36.4%), abscess (36.4%), and perinephric fat accumulation (18.2%).