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n. pl. scop·u·lae (-lē′)
1. A dense brushlike tuft of hairs, as on the feet of certain spiders and insects.
2. A ciliated structure by which certain protozoans attach to a surface.

[Latin scōpula, small brush of twigs, diminutive of scōpae, branches, broom.]

scop′u·late′ (-lāt′) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -las or -lae (-ˌliː)
(Zoology) a small tuft of dense hairs on the legs and chelicerae of some spiders
[C19: from Late Latin: a broom-twig, from scōpa thin twigs]
scopulate adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Scopulae of metatarsi and tarsi I-III undivided; scopulae of metatarsi and tarsi IV divided by rows of setae in male.
Vellard originally placed the genus in Barychelidae, probably due to the wide labium with few cuspules, absence of tibial apophysis, short apical segment of the posterior lateral spinnerets and well developed leg scopulae, mainly on tarsi I and II, resembling claw tufts.
Scopulae on tarsus and metatarsus I-II present, only slightly developed.
Endites slightly convergent, longer than wide with a dense scopulae in internal margin.
Heavy scopulae on tarsus and metatarsus of leg I and II, dark gray in color.
Legs: Leg formula IV > I > II > III; coloration as male; all tarsi and metatarsi I and II (only in apical half) with dense scopulae; spination of leg I (based on paratype SAM NN14032): Femur: 6 dorsal, 2 apicoprolateral; tibia: 3 ventral pairs, 1 (small) prolateral; metatarsus: 2 ventral pairs, 1 apicoventral, 1 apicoprolateral, 1 apicoretrolateral, 1 (small) prolateral.
Females with dense scopulae on the tarsi of all legs, metatarsi I-III and the apical two thirds of tibiae I+II.
Juvenile Theraphosinae Thorell 1870 have divided tarsal scopulae that become entire in the adult stage, in Ischnocolinae the scopulae remain divided into adulthood (Pocock 1897; Gerschman de Pikelin & Schiapelli 1973; Perez-Miles 1994).
Legs of both sexes with scopulae on tarsi I--II and also on metatarsi I--II of females and some males; male tibia I usually with prolateral clasping spurs.
The extent of tarsal and metatarsal scopulae on ventral side of both leg segments was expressed as a percentage of the total length of segment, from apical end.
Their movements are erratic, and with their claw tufts and scopulae they are able to move around swiftly on the substrate.
Maxillae yellowish brown with dense black scopulae, distinctly longer than wide, medially constricted outer lateral margin without setae, somewhat narrow basally, broad apically.