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If you start or begin something, you do it from a particular time. There is no difference in meaning.
The past tense of begin is began. The -ed participle is begun.
You can use a to-infinitive or an -ing form after start and begin.
Don't use an -ing form after starting or beginning. Don't say, for example, 'I'm beginning understanding more'. You must say 'I'm beginning to understand more'.
Start and begin can be intransitive verbs, used to say that something happens from a particular time.
Start has some special meanings. You don't use 'begin' with any of these meanings.
You use start to say that someone makes a machine or engine start to work.
You use start to say that someone creates a business or other organization.
Past participle: started
|Noun||1.||start - the beginning of anything; "it was off to a good start"|
beginning - the event consisting of the start of something; "the beginning of the war"
adrenarche - the increase in activity of the adrenal glands just before puberty
menarche - the first occurrence of menstruation in a woman
thelarche - the start of breast development in a woman at the beginning of puberty
opener - the first event in a series; "she played Chopin for her opener"; "the season's opener was a game against the Yankees"
alpha - the beginning of a series or sequence; "the Alpha and Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end"--Revelations
curtain raising, opening night, opening - the first performance (as of a theatrical production); "the opening received good critical reviews"
start-off, send-off, kickoff - a start given to contestants; "I was there with my parents at the kickoff"
racing start - the start of a race
|2.||start - the time at which something is supposed to begin; "they got an early start"; "she knew from the get-go that he was the man for her"|
birth - the time when something begins (especially life); "they divorced after the birth of the child"; "his election signaled the birth of a new age"
incipience, incipiency - beginning to exist or to be apparent; "he placed the incipience of democratic faith at around 1850"; "it is designed to arrest monopolies in their incipiency"
threshold - the starting point for a new state or experience; "on the threshold of manhood"
|3.||start - a turn to be a starter (in a game at the beginning); "he got his start because one of the regular pitchers was in the hospital"; "his starting meant that the coach thought he was one of their best linemen"|
|4.||start - a sudden involuntary movement; "he awoke with a start"|
inborn reflex, innate reflex, instinctive reflex, physiological reaction, reflex, reflex action, reflex response, unconditioned reflex - an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus
startle reaction, startle response - a complicated involuntary reaction to a sudden unexpected stimulus (especially a loud noise); involves flexion of most skeletal muscles and a variety of visceral reactions
Moro reflex, startle reflex - a normal reflex of young infants; a sudden loud noise causes the child to stretch out the arms and flex the legs
|5.||start - the act of starting something; "he was responsible for the beginning of negotiations"|
change of state - the act of changing something into something different in essential characteristics
jumping-off point, point of departure, springboard - a beginning from which an enterprise is launched; "he uses other people's ideas as a springboard for his own"; "reality provides the jumping-off point for his illusions"; "the point of departure of international comparison cannot be an institution but must be the function it carries out"
activation - making active and effective (as a bomb)
establishment, constitution, formation, organisation, organization - the act of forming or establishing something; "the constitution of a PTA group last year"; "it was the establishment of his reputation"; "he still remembers the organization of the club"
first appearance, introduction, debut, entry, launching, unveiling - the act of beginning something new; "they looked forward to the debut of their new product line"
face-off - (ice hockey) the method of starting play; a referee drops the puck between two opposing players
groundbreaking, groundbreaking ceremony - the ceremonial breaking of the ground to formally begin a construction project
housing start - the act of starting to construct a house
icebreaker - a beginning that relaxes a tense or formal atmosphere; "he told jokes as an icebreaker"
inauguration, startup - the act of starting a new operation or practice; "he opposed the inauguration of fluoridation"; "the startup of the new factory was delayed by strikes"
founding, instauration, origination, initiation, innovation, creation, institution, introduction, foundation - the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new; "she looked forward to her initiation as an adult"; "the foundation of a new scientific society"
installation, installing, instalment, installment - the act of installing something (as equipment); "the telephone installation took only a few minutes"
jump ball - (basketball) the way play begins or resumes when possession is disputed; an official tosses the ball up between two players who jump in an effort to tap it to a teammate
kickoff - (football) a kick from the center of the field to start a football game or to resume it after a score
scrum, scrummage - (rugby) the method of beginning play in which the forwards of each team crouch side by side with locked arms; play starts when the ball is thrown in between them and the two sides compete for possession
startup - the act of setting in operation; "repeated shutdowns and startups are expensive"
|6.||start - a line indicating the location of the start of a race or a game|
line - in games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of the playing area
|7.||start - a signal to begin (as in a race); "the starting signal was a green light"; "the runners awaited the start"|
|8.||start - the advantage gained by beginning early (as in a race); "with an hour's start he will be hard to catch"|
|Verb||1.||start - take the first step or steps in carrying out an action; "We began working at dawn"; "Who will start?"; "Get working as soon as the sun rises!"; "The first tourists began to arrive in Cambodia"; "He began early in the day"; "Let's get down to work now"|
recommence - begin again; "we recommenced his reading after a short nap"
strike out - set out on a course of action; "He struck out on his own"
fall - begin vigorously; "The prisoners fell to work right away"
jump off - set off quickly, usually with success; "The freshman jumped off to a good start in his math class"
get to - arrive at the point of; "She gets to fretting if I stay away from home too long"
auspicate - commence in a manner calculated to bring good luck; "They auspicated the trip with a bottle of champagne"
attack - set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task; "I attacked the problem as soon as I got out of bed"
break in - start in a certain activity, enterprise, or role
launch, plunge - begin with vigor; "He launched into a long diatribe"; "She plunged into a dangerous adventure"
come on - occur or become available; "water or electricity came on again after the earthquake"
get moving, get rolling, get started, get weaving, bestir oneself, get cracking, get going - start to be active; "Get cracking, please!"
begin - begin to speak, understand, read, and write a language; "She began Russian at an early age"; "We started French in fourth grade"
|2.||start - set in motion, cause to start; "The U.S. started a war in the Middle East"; "The Iraqis began hostilities"; "begin a new chapter in your life"|
jumpstart, jump-start - start or re-start vigorously; "The Secretary of State intends to jumpstart the Middle East Peace Process"
recommence - cause to start anew; "The enemy recommenced hostilities after a few days of quiet"
usher in, inaugurate, introduce - be a precursor of; "The fall of the Berlin Wall ushered in the post-Cold War period"
set off - set in motion or cause to begin; "The guide set the tour off to a good start"
embark on, start up, commence, start - get off the ground; "Who started this company?"; "We embarked on an exciting enterprise"; "I start my day with a good breakfast"; "We began the new semester"; "The afternoon session begins at 4 PM"; "The blood shed started when the partisans launched a surprise attack"
begin - have a beginning, of a temporal event; "WW II began in 1939 when Hitler marched into Poland"; "The company's Asia tour begins next month"
|3.||start - leave; "The family took off for Florida"|
go forth, leave, go away - go away from a place; "At what time does your train leave?"; "She didn't leave until midnight"; "The ship leaves at midnight"
roar off - leave; "The car roared off into the fog"
|4.||start - have a beginning, in a temporal, spatial, or evaluative sense; "The DMZ begins right over the hill"; "The second movement begins after the Allegro"; "Prices for these homes start at $250,000"|
bud - start to grow or develop; "a budding friendship"
break out - begin suddenly and sometimes violently; "He broke out shouting"
begin, start - have a beginning characterized in some specified way; "The novel begins with a murder"; "My property begins with the three maple trees"; "Her day begins with a workout"; "The semester begins with a convocation ceremony"
begin - have a beginning, of a temporal event; "WW II began in 1939 when Hitler marched into Poland"; "The company's Asia tour begins next month"
kick in, set in - enter a particular state; "Laziness set in"; "After a few moments, the effects of the drug kicked in"
dawn - appear or develop; "The age of computers had dawned"
originate - begin a trip at a certain point, as of a plane, train, bus, etc.; "The flight originates in Calcutta"
|5.||start - bring into being; "He initiated a new program"; "Start a foundation"|
lead up, initiate - set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for; "Hitler's attack on Poland led up to World War II"
set - apply or start; "set fire to a building"
|6.||start - get off the ground; "Who started this company?"; "We embarked on an exciting enterprise"; "I start my day with a good breakfast"; "We began the new semester"; "The afternoon session begins at 4 PM"; "The blood shed started when the partisans launched a surprise attack"|
commence, lead off, start, begin - set in motion, cause to start; "The U.S. started a war in the Middle East"; "The Iraqis began hostilities"; "begin a new chapter in your life"
open - begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc.; "He opened the meeting with a long speech"
|7.||start - move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm; "She startled when I walked into the room"|
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
shy - start suddenly, as from fright
boggle - startle with amazement or fear
rear back - start with anger or resentment or in protest
jackrabbit - go forward or start with a fast, sudden movement
|8.||start - get going or set in motion; "We simply could not start the engine"; "start up the computer"|
kick-start - start (a motorcycle) by means of a kick starter
hot-wire - start (a car engine) without a key by bypassing the ignition interlock; "The woman who lost the car keys had to hot-wire her van"
jumpstart, jump-start, jump - start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery
stop - cause to stop; "stop a car"; "stop the thief"
|9.||start - begin or set in motion; "I start at eight in the morning"; "Ready, set, go!"|
come on, go on, come up - start running, functioning, or operating; "the lights went on"; "the computer came up"
get off the ground, take off - get started or set in motion, used figuratively; "the project took a long time to get off the ground"
|10.||start - begin work or acting in a certain capacity, office or job; "Take up a position"; "start a new job"|
take office - assume an office, duty, or title; "When will the new President take office?"
|11.||start - play in the starting lineup|
play - participate in games or sport; "We played hockey all afternoon"; "play cards"; "Pele played for the Brazilian teams in many important matches"
|12.||start - have a beginning characterized in some specified way; "The novel begins with a murder"; "My property begins with the three maple trees"; "Her day begins with a workout"; "The semester begins with a convocation ceremony"|
begin, start - begin an event that is implied and limited by the nature or inherent function of the direct object; "begin a cigar"; "She started the soup while it was still hot"; "We started physics in 10th grade"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
begin, start - have a beginning, in a temporal, spatial, or evaluative sense; "The DMZ begins right over the hill"; "The second movement begins after the Allegro"; "Prices for these homes start at $250,000"
begin - be the first item or point, constitute the beginning or start, come first in a series; "The number `one' begins the sequence"; "A terrible murder begins the novel"; "The convocation ceremony officially begins the semester"
|13.||start - begin an event that is implied and limited by the nature or inherent function of the direct object; "begin a cigar"; "She started the soup while it was still hot"; "We started physics in 10th grade"|
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
|14.||start - bulge outward; "His eyes popped"|
set about stop, finish, delay, abandon, conclude, quit, cease, wind up, put off, put aside, call it a day (informal), desist
begin end, stop, finish, conclude, cease, terminate
set in motion end, stop, finish, abandon, conclude, wind up, bring to an end
establish end, finish, give up, abandon, conclude, wind up, terminate, bring to an end
start up stop, turn off, switch off
beginning end, finish, conclusion, result, stop, outcome, wind-up, finale, termination, cessation, denouement
at the start → al principio, en un principio
at the very start → muy al principio, en los mismos comienzos
at the start of the century → a principios del siglo
we are at the start of something big → estamos en los comienzos de algo grandioso
for a start → en primer lugar, para empezar
from the start → desde el principio
from start to finish → desde el principio hasta el fin
to get a good start in life → disfrutar de una infancia privilegiada
to get off to a good/bad/slow start → empezar bien/mal/lentamente
to give sb a (good) start in life → ayudar a algn a situarse en la vida
to make a start → empezar
to make a start on the painting → empezar a pintar
to make an early start (on journey) → ponerse en camino temprano; (with job) → empezar temprano
to make a fresh or new start in life → hacer vida nueva
to give sb five minutes' or a five-minute start → dar a algn cinco minutos de ventaja
to have a start on sb → tener ventaja sobre algn
to start a new cheque book/page → comenzar or empezar un talonario nuevo/una página nueva
don't start that again! → ¡no vuelvas a eso!
to start doing sth or to do sth → empezar a hacer algo
start moving! → ¡menearse!
start talking! → ¡desembucha!
to start sth again or afresh → comenzar or empezar algo de nuevo
to start the day right → empezar bien el día
he always starts the day with a glass of milk → lo primero que toma cada mañana es un vaso de leche
he started life as a labourer → empezó de or como peón
to start a new life → comenzar una vida nueva
to start negotiations → iniciar or entablar las pláticas
to start a novel → empezar a escribir (or leer) una novela
to start school → empezar a ir al colegio
he started work yesterday → entró a trabajar ayer
it started the collapse of the empire → provocó el derrumbamiento del imperio
you started it! → ¡tú diste el primer golpe!
to start a family → (empezar a) tener hijos
to start a race (= give signal for) → dar la señal de salida para una carrera
to get started → empezar, ponerse en marcha
let's get started → empecemos
to get sth started [+ engine, car] → poner algo en marcha, arrancar algo; [+ project] → poner algo en marcha
to get sb started (on activity) → poner a algn en marcha; (in career) → iniciar a algn en su carrera
to get started on (doing) sth → empezar a hacer algo
to get sb started on (doing) sth → poner a algn a hacer algo
to start sb (off) reminiscing → hacer que algn empiece a contar sus recuerdos
that started him (off) sneezing → eso le hizo empezar a estornudar
to start sb (off) on a career → ayudar a algn a emprender una carrera
they started her (off) in the sales department → la emplearon primero en la sección de ventas
classes start on Monday → las clases comienzan or empiezan el lunes
that's when the trouble started → entonces fue cuando empezaron los problemas
it all started when he refused to pay → todo empezó cuando se negó a pagar
it started (off) rather well/badly [film, match] → empezó bastante bien/mal
to start again or afresh → volver a empezar, comenzar de nuevo
he started (off or out) as a postman → empezó como or de cartero
he started (off or out) as a Marxist → empezó como marxista
to start at the beginning → empezar desde el principio
he started (off) by saying → empezó por decir or diciendo ...
the route starts from here → la ruta sale de aquí
starting from Tuesday → a partir del martes
to start (out or up) in business → montar or poner un negocio
to start (off) with (= firstly) → en primer lugar ..., para empezar ...; (= at the beginning) → al principio ..., en un principio ...
what shall we start (off) with? → ¿con qué empezamos?
to start (off) with a prayer → empezar con una oración
he started (off or out) with the intention of writing a thesis → empezó con la intención de escribir una tesis
to start on a task → emprender una tarea
to start on something new → emprender algo nuevo
to start on a book (= begin reading) → empezar a leer un libro; (= begin writing) → empezar a escribir un libro
to start on a course of study → empezar un curso
they started on another bottle → abrieron or empezaron otra botella
to start (off or out) from London/for Madrid → salir de Londres/partir con rumbo a or para Madrid
he started (off) down the street → empezó a caminar calle abajo
tears started to her eyes → se le llenaron los ojos de lágrimas
his eyes were starting out of his head → se le saltaban los ojos de la cara
then she started in → luego ella metió su cuchara
see start C1, C3
see start B6
see start C1, C3
see start C1, C4
see start B4, B5, B7
the start of the tax year → le début de l'année fiscale
It's not much, but it's a start → Ce n'est pas grand chose, mais c'est un début.
a fresh start
We need a fresh start
BUT Il nous faut prendre un nouveau départ.
to make a fresh start → prendre un nouveau départ
to make a start on sth → attaquer qch
Shall we make a start on the washing-up? → On attaque la vaisselle?
to make an early start (= begin early) → commencer de bonne heure (= leave early) → partir de bonne heure
We'll have to make an early start if we want to get there by lunchtime → Nous allons devoir partir de bonne heure si nous voulons y être à l'heure du déjeuner.
to get off to a bad start → être mal parti(e)
to get off to a good start → être bien parti(e)
at the start (= in the beginning) → au début
I was terribly lonely at the start → Je me sentais terriblement seul au début.
for a start → d'abord, pour commencer
with a start → en sursaut
He woke with a start → Il s'éveilla en sursaut.
to give a start → sursauter
My father started work when he was ten → Mon père a commencé à travailler lorsqu'il avait dix ans.
to start doing sth → se mettre à faire qch, commencer à faire qch
I started learning French three years ago → J'ai commencé à apprendre le français il y a trois ans.
He started laughing → Il s'est mis à rire.
to start to do sth → se mettre à faire qch
Ralph started to run → Ralph se mit à courir.
He couldn't start the car → Il n'a pas réussi à démarrer la voiture.
He couldn't get his engine started → Il n'arrivait pas à démarrer son moteur.
What time does it start? → À quelle heure ça commence?
The meeting starts at 7 → La réunion commence à sept heures.
to start with ... (= firstly) → d'abord ... (= at the beginning) → au début ...
don't start! > (= start complaining etc) → ne commence pas!
She started as a photographer with Picture Post → Elle a fait ses débuts de photographe au Picture Post.
The car wouldn't start → La voiture ne voulait pas démarrer.
We started off first thing in the morning → Nous sommes partis en début de matinée.
They started off to church
BUT Ils se mirent en route pour l'église.
She started us off laughing → Elle nous a fait rire.
Her mother started her off acting in children's theatre → Sa mère l'a fait débuter dans le théâtre pour enfants.
to start up in business → débuter dans les affaires
STARTabbr of Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty → START(-Vertrag) m
at the start → all'inizio
the start of the school year → l'inizio dell'anno scolastico
from the start → dall'inizio
for a start → tanto per cominciare
to get off to a good or flying start → cominciare bene
to make an early start → partire di buon'ora
to make a fresh (or new) start in life → ricominciare daccapo or da zero
the thieves had 3 hours' start → i ladri avevano 3 ore di vantaggio
to give sb a 5-minute start → dare un vantaggio di 5 minuti a qn
to start doing sth or to do sth → iniziare a fare qc
to start negotiations → avviare i negoziati
he started life as a labourer → ha cominciato come operaio
to start a fire → provocare un incendio
to start a race → dare il via a una gara
you started it! → hai cominciato tu!
don't start anything! → non cominciare!
don't start him on that! → non toccare quest'argomento in sua presenza!
we'd like to start a family → ci piacerebbe avere un bambino subito
starting from Tuesday → a partire da martedì
to start on a task → cominciare un lavoro
to start at the beginning → cominciare dall'inizio
it started (off) well/badly → è cominciato bene/male
she started (off) down the street → s'incamminò giù per la strada
what shall we start (off) with? → con che cosa cominciamo?
she started (off) as a nanny → ha cominciato come bambinaia
to start (off) with ... (firstly) → per prima cosa... (at the beginning) → all'inizio...
he started (off) by saying (that) ... → cominciò col dire che...
see also start 3a
to start sb off (on complaints, story) → far cominciare qn (give initial help) → aiutare qn a cominciare
that was enough to start him off → è bastato questo a dargli il via
to start out to do sth → cominciare con l'intenzione di fare qc