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sub-(word root) under, below, beneath
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree
1. Nautical A submarine.
2. A submarine sandwich.
sub 2(sŭb) Informal
v. subbed, sub·bing, subs
To act as a substitute: a graduate student subbing for the professor.
1. To put or use (a person or thing) as a substitute: The coach subbed fresh players toward the end of the game. The cook subbed oil for butter.
2. Usage Problem To replace; substitute: The player was subbed after she committed two errors. Sub the chicken with tofu to make the dish vegetarian. See Usage Note at substitute.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. short for several words beginning with sub-. See subaltern, subeditor, submarine, subordinate, subscription, substandard, substitute, substratum6
2. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) informal Brit an advance payment of wages or salary. Formal term: subsistence allowance
vb, subs, subbing or subbed
3. (intr) to serve as a substitute
4. (intr) informal to act as a substitute (for)
5. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) informal Brit to grant or receive (an advance payment of wages or salary)
6. (Journalism & Publishing) (tr) informal short for subedit
7. (Photography) (tr) photog to apply a substratum to (a film or plate base)
sport utility bike: a bicycle capable of carrying passengers or cargo
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
n., v. subbed, sub•bing. n.
1. a submarine.
2. a substitute.
3. a submarine sandwich.
4. a sublieutenant.
5. a subordinate.
6. a subaltern.v.i.
7. to act as a substitute for another.
[1695–1705; by shortening of words prefixed with sub-]
1. a prefix, occurring orig. in loanwords from Latin, with the meanings “under,” “below,” “beneath” (subsoil; subway), “just outside of,” “near” (subalpine; subtropical), “less than,” “not quite” (subhuman; suboscine; subteen), “secondary,” “at a lower point in a hierarchy” (subcommittee; subplot).
2.For variants before following consonants in Latin loanwords, see su-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-2, sus-.
a. a prefix used in the names of chemical compounds that are bases.
b. a prefix used in the names of compounds in which an element is present in a relatively small proportion: suboxide.
[< Latin, prefixal form of sub (preposition); akin to Greek hypó; see hypo-]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Past participle: subbed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
short for several words eg submarine, ~subscription etc. He's the commander of a sub; Several people still haven't paid their subs.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
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|Noun||1.||sub - a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States|
hero sandwich, hoagie, hoagy, Italian sandwich, poor boy, Cuban sandwich, grinder, submarine sandwich, zep, torpedo, wedge, submarine, bomber, hero
sandwich - two (or more) slices of bread with a filling between them
|2.||sub - a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes|
attack submarine - a military submarine designed and armed to attack enemy shipping
auxiliary research submarine - a submarine for research purposes
conning tower - a raised bridge on a submarine; often used for entering and exiting
escape hatch - hatchway that provides a means of escape in an emergency
fleet ballistic missile submarine - a submarine carrying ballistic missiles
nautilus, nuclear submarine, nuclear-powered submarine - a submarine that is propelled by nuclear power
periscope - an optical instrument that provides a view of an otherwise obstructed field
schnorchel, schnorkel, snorkel breather, breather, snorkel - air passage provided by a retractable device containing intake and exhaust pipes; permits a submarine to stay submerged for extended periods of time
asdic, echo sounder, sonar - a measuring instrument that sends out an acoustic pulse in water and measures distances in terms of the time for the echo of the pulse to return; "sonar is an acronym for sound navigation ranging"; "asdic is an acronym for antisubmarine detection investigation committee"
|Verb||1.||sub - be a substitute; "The young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague"; "The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet"|
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
která začínají sub-zkratka pro některá slova
undir-; neîan-; áskrift
sub2 [sʌb] VI to sub for sb → hacer las veces de algn
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
(SPORT) (= substitute) → remplaçant(e) m/f
(= submarine) → sous-marin m
(US) (= sandwich) sandwich dans un pain allongé subs
npl (British) → cotisations fplsub- [ˈsʌb-] prefix → sub, sous
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
adj attr → unter Wasser; sub club → Taucherklub m
adj → Unterwasser-
adj → subarktisch
adj particle → subatomar
n → Subkategorie f, → Untergruppe f
n → Unterabteilung f
vti → unterteilen
n → Unterausschuss m
n (US Aut) → Kleinstwagen m
adv → im Unterbewusstsein
n → Subkontinent m
vt → (vertraglich) weitervergeben (→ to an +acc)
n → Nebenvertrag m, → Untervertrag m
n → Unterkontrahent(in) m(f), → Subunternehmer(in) m(f)
n → Subkultur f
adj → subkutan
n (Comput) → Unterverzeichnis nt
n → Subdominante f
adj sub chord → Subdominantakkord m
vti (esp Brit) → redigieren
n (esp Brit) → Redakteur(in) m(f)
n (Book-keeping) → Nebenposten m
n (esp Biol) → Unterfamilie f
n (of car) → Zwischenrahmen m, → Nebenrahmen m
n (of road etc) → Unterbau m
subhead (inf), subheading
n → Untertitel m
n (= contract, on farm etc) → Unterpachtvertrag m → (on für); (on house etc) → Untermietvertrag m → (on für); they have a sub on that house → das Haus ist an sie untervermietet worden
n (of house) → Untermieter(in) m(f); (of land) → Unterpächter(in) m(f)
n (of house) → Untervermieter(in) m(f); (of land) → Unterverpächter(in) m(f)
sublet pret, ptp <sublet>
vt house, room → unter- or weitervermieten (→ to an +acc)
vi → untervermieten
n → Untervermietung f
adj → subpolar
n (Brit) → Poststellenleiter(in) m(f)
n (Brit) → Poststelle f
n → Untergrund m
adj → Unterschall-; sub speed → Unterschallgeschwindigkeit f
n → Unterart f, → Subspezies f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007