In Chapter 3, McDermott suggests that rhetorical readings have obscured the ways in which invention can operate tropologically
. Whereas traditional rhetorical theory views imitation and invention as practices of rivalry, topological imitation or invention is non-competitive, seeking rather to fulfil the promise of the scriptural source rather than to replace or challenge it.
by the beach, even conceptually by the limits of human freedom, the poems and poets discussed by Payne and Rennak begin to suggest a virtual network of the sort informing Veronica Alfano and Andrew Stauffer's Virtual Victorians: Networks, Connections, Technologies (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).
I will presently return to the question of tradition and innovation as it relates to that of cause and effect in the novel's plot, but first, I examine the specific means by which Bleak House strives to reimagine violence and violent actors tropologically
in the literal sense [the temple indicates] the house which Solomon built; allegorically, it is the Lord's body, of which Christ said: "Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up," or his Church, to whom the apostle Paul said: "For the temple of the Lord is holy, which you are"; tropologically
, it is each of the faithful, to whom the Apostle said: "Know you not, that your bodies are the temple of the holy spirit, who is in you?"; anagogically, it is the joys of the heavenly mansion, for which the Psalmist sighed, when he said: "Blessed are they that dwell in your house, O Lord; they shall praise you for ever and ever." (The Art 2.12, 207)
The Shack helps the reader negotiate, to some extent, the claims of its typological realism against those who would read it tropologically
as a fairy tale suffused with moral allegorical meaning.
However, there is a difference between glossing the sacred text tropologically
and glossing the specific temporal realities it describes.
Although body and flesh may be tropologically
constructed, the flatline marks an irreversible passage--the point at which the death of the other may provoke and proliferate endless tropological substitutes, none of which, however, will ever bring back the other's sensorium, the constructed and constructing interiority of the other.
In other words, creative artists who riff tropologically
create near-replicas of aural/oral forms" (55).
Rather, Christians are tropologically
conformed to what Luther described as the faithful synagogue.
MS: Right--and I hope we can talk about how that book is structured tropologically
. Those three terms or tropes--race, religion, war--have allowed me to write new, critically oriented genealogies of the avant-garde.
, Solidarity went through a number of stages.